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20 Attack Squadron (ACC)

Newest Rendition

20 Attack Squadron

Lineage.  Constituted as 20 Transport Squadron on 22 Nov 1940.  Activated on 15 Dec 1940.  Redesignated as: 20 Troop Carrier Squadron on 5 Jul 1942; 20 Troop Carrier Squadron (Special) on 13 Nov 1943; 20 Troop Carrier Squadron on 12 Apr 1944; 20 Troop Carrier Squadron, Heavy, on 17 Jun 1948; 20 Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium, on 4 Oct 1948.  Inactivated on 20 Oct 1949.  Consolidated (19 Sep 1985) with the 20 Tactical Air Support Squadron (Light), and activated, on 26 Apr 1965.  Organized on 8 May 1965.  Inactivated on 1 Apr 1973.  Redesignated as 20 Tactical Air Support Squadron, and activated, on 1 Oct 1973.  Inactivated on 30 Sep 1984.  Activated on 1 Apr 1990.  Inactivated on 31 Dec 1991.  Redesignated as 20 Reconnaissance Squadron on 20 Dec 2010.  Activated on 1 Jan 2011.  Redesignated as 20 Attack Squadron on 15 May 2016

Assignments.  Panama Canal Department, 15 Dec 1940; Panama Air Depot, 1 Feb 1941; Sixth Air Force Base (later, Sixth Air Force Service; VI Air Force Service) Command, 5 Jun 1942; Panama Air Depot, 1 Dec 1944; Sixth Air Force (later, Caribbean Air Command), 5 May 1945 (attached to 314 Troop Carrier Group [later, 314 Troop Carrier Group, Heavy; 314 Troop Carrier Group, Medium], c. Nov 1946-16 Jun 1948); 314 Troop Carrier Group, Medium, 17 Jun 1948-20 Oct 1949 (detachment attached to United States Air Forces Europe, 1-29 Jul 1948, and to Airlift Task Force [Provisional], 29 Jul-19 Oct 1948).  Pacific Air Forces, 26 Apr 1965; 2 Air Division, 8 May 1965 (attached to Tactical Air Support Group Provisional, 6250, 1 Aug-7 Nov 1965); 505 Tactical Control Group, 8 Nov 1965 (attached to Tactical Air Support Group Provisional, 6250, 1-8 Sep 1966 and to Tactical Air Support Group Provisional, 6253, 9 Sep-7 Dec 1966); 504 Tactical Air Support Group, 8 Dec 1966; 366 Tactical Fighter Wing, 15 Mar 1972; 6498 Air Base Wing, 27 Jun 1972; 71 Tactical Air Support Group, 15 Jan-1 Apr 1973.  601 Tactical Air Support Group, 1 Oct 1973; 601 Tactical Control Wing, 1 Nov 1975; 601 Tactical Air Support Group, 1 May 1977-30 Sep 1984.  507 Tactical Air Control (later, 507 Air Control) Wing, 1 Apr 1990-31 Dec 1991.  432 Operations Group, 1 Jan 2011-.

Stations.  France Field, Canal Zone, 15 Dec 1940; Howard Field, Canal Zone, 19 Feb 1942; Albrook Field (later, Albrook AFB), Canal Zone, 9 Jun 1943-20 Sep 1948; Bergstrom AFB, TX, 4 Oct 1948; Smyrna AFB, TN, 27 Jan-20 Oct 1949.  Da Nang AB, South Vietnam, 8 May 1965-15 Jan 1973; George AFB, CA, 15 Jan-1 Apr 1973.  Weisbaden AB, West Germany, 1 Oct 1973; Sembach AB, West Germany, 8 Jan 1976-30 Sep 1984.  Shaw AFB, SC, 1 Apr 1990-31 Dec 1991.  Whiteman AFB, MO, 1 Jan 2011-. 

Commanders.   Maj Harry C. Morrison, 15 Dec 1940; Capt Donald K. Mumma, 3 Sep 1942; Maj James W. Guthrie, 18 Oct 1942; Maj Raynold A. Berg, 8 Oct 1943; Maj Frederick A. Sanders, 1944; Maj Gerald Linscheid, 9 Dec 1944; Maj Sidney E. Cleveland, 14 Feb 1946; Maj Irving R. Perkin, May 1947; Maj William H. Beale Jr., by Jan 1949; Lt Col Elmer C. Blaha, by Jul-20 Oct 1949.  1 Lt Frederick A. Reiling, by Jun 1965; Lt Col Sam Pool, by Dec 1965; Lt Col Elvadore Ritter, by Jun 1966; Lt Col Paul V. Greenwade Jr., by Oct 1967; Lt Col Herbert W. McQuown, 7 Feb 1968; Lt Col Benjamin F. Starr Jr., 10 Sep 1968; Lt Col Alvin M. Welbes, 24 Jan 1969; Lt Col Laurence W. Lackey, 24 Nov 1969; Lt Col Hyrum G. Keeler, 1 Jun 1970; Lt Col Colvin L. Sammons, 15 Mar 1971; Lt Col Ralph W. Haymaker, 28 May 1971; Lt Col Lawton C. Brown, 25 Oct 1971; Lt Col Gabriel A. Kardong, 25 Feb 1972; Lt Col Richard E. Leal, 10 Nov 1972-15 Jan 1973; None (not manned), 16 Jan-1 Apr 1973.  Lt Col George W. Grill Jr., 1 Oct 1973; Lt Col Robert B. Clayton Sr., 20 Jan 1975; Lt Col Robert E. Riggs, 20 May 1977; Lt Col Robert M. Staples, 6 Oct 1978; Lt Col Dennis C. Torrez, 26 Nov 1980; Lt Col Thomas M. Power, 13 Dec 1982; Maj Andrew E. Dohany, 15 Apr-30 Sep 1984.  Lt Col Jonothan Hicks, 1 Apr 1990-31 Dec 1991.   Lt Col Travis
A. Burdine, 1 Jan 2011-.

Aircraft.  C-33, 1941; C-39, 1941-1944; C-49, 1941-1944; C-47, 1942-1948; 1949; OA-10, 1942-1943; 1943-1945; UC-91, 1942-1943; C-79, 1942-1943; UC-89, 1942-1943; C-38, 1942-1943; XB-15 (later, XC-105), 1943-1944; L-1, 1943-1945; BC-1, 1943-1944; L-4, 1943-1944; UC-61, 1943-1945; C-45, 1944-1945; C-46, 1945-1947; C-54, 1946-1948; C-82, 1948-1949; CG-15, 1949.  O-1, 1965-1969; O-2, 1967-1973; OV-10, 1969-1973.  O-2, 1973-1974; OV-10, 1974-1984.  OV-10, 1990-1991.  MQ-1, 2011-. 

Operations.  Conducted aerial transportation in the Caribbean and Central and South America, 1941-1948.  Supported the Berlin Airlift, Jul-14 Oct 1948. Trained with US Army paratroopers in airborne tactics and transported cargo within the US, 1949.  Between May 1965-Jan 1973, flew combat missions in the Vietnamese theater; Forward Air Controller (FAC) pilots flew interdiction missions; supported US and Vietnamese Army units.  Provided forward tactical air control for US Army, Europe, and Seventh Army operations, 1973-1984.  Trained for tactical air control missions, 1990-1991.  After activation in Jan 2011, provided persistent intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance and full motion video for real-time actionable intelligence and precision weapons employment in combat operations, using unmanned aircraft. 

Service Streamers. World War II American Theater.   

Campaign Streamers.   Vietnam: Vietnam Defense; Vietnam Air; Vietnam Air Offensive; Vietnam Air Offensive, Phase II;  Vietnam Air Offensive, Phase III;  Vietnam Air/Ground; Vietnam Air Offensive, Phase IV; Tet/69 Counteroffensive; Vietnam Summer/Fall 1969; Vietnam Winter/Spring 1970; Sanctuary Counteroffensive; Southwest Monsoon; Commando Hunt V; Commando Hunt VI; Commando Hunt VII; Vietnam Ceasefire.
Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers.  None.

Decorations.  Presidential Unit Citations (Southeast Asia): 1 Jul 1966-15 Aug 1967; 1 Aug 1968-31 Aug 1969; 1 Jan-31 Dec 1970; 30 Jan-31 Dec 1971; 1 Apr-26 Jun 1972.  Meritorious Unit Awards:  1 Jun 2011-31 May 2012; 1 Jun 2012-31 May 2013.  Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards with Combat "V" Device: 1 Sep 1965-31 Aug 1966; 1 Apr-31 May 1967; 15-31 Mar 1972; 1 Jul 1972-[15] Jan 1973.   Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 May 1981-30 Apr 1983; 2 Apr 1990-30 Apr 1991.  Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Crosses with Palm: 1 Apr 1966-15 Jan 1973; 8 Feb-31 Mar 1971; 1 Apr 1971-9 Mar 1972.

Lineage, Assignments, Stations, Aircraft, Operations, and Honors through 22 Jun 2016.

Supersedes statement prepared on 25 Apr 2012. 

Emblem.  Approved on 25 Jun 1974; newest rendition approved 25 Jan 2017.

Prepared by Carl E. Bailey.