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433 Operations Group (AFRC)

Lineage.  Established as 433 Troop Carrier Group on 22 Jan 1943.   Activated on 9 Feb 1943.  Inactivated on 15 Jan 1946.   Activated in the Reserve on 6 Jul 1947.  Redesignated as 433 Troop Carrier Group, Medium on 27 Jun 1949.   Ordered to active service on 15 Oct 1950.   Inactivated on 14 Jul 1952.   Activated in the Reserve on 18 May 1955.  Inactivated on 14 Apr 1959.  Redesignated as: 433 Tactical Airlift Group on 31 Jul 1985; 433 Operations Group on 1 Aug 1992.  Activated in the Reserve on 1 Aug 1992.

Assignments.  I Troop Carrier Command, 9 Feb 1943; 52 Troop Carrier Wing, Feb 1943; 50 Troop Carrier Wing, c. 19 Mar 1943; 53 Troop Carrier Wing, 15 Apr 1943; 50 Troop Carrier Wing, 2 Jun 1943; Fifth Air Force, c. Sep 1943; 54 Troop Carrier Wing, 4 Oct 1943-15 Jan 1946.   Eleventh Air Force, 6 Jul 1947; 69 Troop Carrier Wing (later, 69 Air Division), 17 Oct 1947; 433 Troop Carrier Wing, 27 Jun 1949-14 Jul 1952.   433 Troop Carrier Wing, 18 May 1955-14 Apr 1959.  433 Airlift Wing, 1 Aug 1992-.


Operational Components.  Squadrons.  5 Troop Carrier: 28 Oct 1948-28 Mar 1949.  65 Troop Carrier: 9 Nov 1943-20 Feb 1945.  66 Troop Carrier: 9 Nov 1943-20 Feb 1945.  67 Troop Carrier: 9 Feb 1943-15 Jan 1946 (detached Jul-Nov 1944); 6 Jul 1947-14 Jul 1952; 18 May 1955-14 Apr 1959.  68 Troop Carrier (later 68 Airlift): 9 Feb 1943-15 Jan 1946; 3 Aug 1947-14 Jul 1952; 18 May 1955-14 Apr 1959; 1 Aug 1992-.  69 Troop Carrier: 9 Feb 1943-15 Jan 1946; 3 Aug 1947-14 Jul 1952; 25 Mar 1956-14 Apr 1959.  70 Troop Carrier: 9 Feb 1943-15 Jan 1946 (detached Jul-Nov 1944); 3 Aug 1947-3 Oct 1950.  315 Troop Carrier: 28 Oct 1948-28 Mar 1949.  356 Airlift: 9 Jan 2007-.


Stations.  Florence AAB, SC, 9 Feb 1943; Sedalia AAB, MO, 19 Mar 1943; Laurinburg-Maxton AAB, NC, 1 Jun 1943; Baer Field, IN, 1 Aug-7 Sep 1943; Port Moresby, New Guinea, late Aug 1943 (air echelon); Nadzab, New Guinea, Nov 1943; Biak Island, 7 Nov 1944; Tanauan, Leyte, 11 Feb 1945; Clark Field, Luzon, Jun 1945; Tachikawa, Japan, 30 Sep 1945-15 Jan 1946.  Akron, OH, 6 Jul 1947; Cleveland Muni Aprt, OH, 27 Jun 1949; Greenville (later, Donaldson) AFB, SC, 16 Oct 1950-20 Jul 1951; Rhein-Main AB, Germany, 5 Aug 1951-14 Jul 1952.  Brooks AFB, TX, 18 May 1955-14 Apr 1959.  Kelly AFB, TX, 1 Aug 1992; Lackland AFB, TX, 1 Apr 2001-.


Commanders.   Lt Col Cecil B. Guile, 10 Feb 1943; Lt Col Marvin O. Calliham, 17 Apr 1945; Lt Col James L. Cole, Sep 1945-unkn.  Unkn, 6 Jul 1947-May 1949; Col Earl F. Baskey, Jun 1949; Col Harry W. Hopp, 6 Apr 1950; Lt Col Cornelius P. Chima, c. 15 Oct 1950; Col Lucion N. Powell, 3 Mar-15 Jul 1952.  Unkn, 1955-1958; Lt Col Henry O. Kight, by Apr 1958-14 Apr 1959.  Col Gary Spence, 1 Aug 1992; Col Alan M. Mitchell, 17 Apr 1994; Col John S. Harlan Jr., 5 Feb 1995-.


Aircraft.   C-53, 1943; C-47, 1943-1945; B-17, 1944; C-46, 1944-1945.   T-6, 1948-1950; T-11, 1948-1951; T-7, 1949-1951; C-46, 1949-1950; C-119, 1950-1952.   T-28, 1955; C-45, 1955-c. 1956; C-46, 1955-1958; C-119, 1958-1959.  C-5, 1992-.


Operations.  Trained to tow gliders and to transport and drop supplies and paratroops, Feb-Jul 1943.  Air echelon flew Group's C-47s to New Guinea, via Hawaii, the Fiji Islands, and Australia, Aug-Sep 1943, and began operating with Fifth Air Force.  Ground echelon sailed from the West Coast on 25 Sep 1943, arriving in Australia on 10 Oct 1943.  By early Nov 1943, the two echelons had rejoined at Nadzab, New Guinea.  Transported troops and carried cargo, such as gasoline, ammunition, medicine, food, equipment, and construction materials; and evacuated wounded personnel.  From Nov 1943-Feb 1945, the Group was assigned six troop carrier squadrons, rather than the more normal four squadrons.  Lost operational control of two squadrons, Jul-Nov 1944, when they were sent to Hollandia to operate directly under 54 Wing.  Squadrons moved, Oct 1944-Jan 1945, to Biak Island, and Jan-Feb 1945 to the Philippines.  Operations in the Philippines included delivering ammunition, food, and other items to Filipino guerrilla forces; evacuating former allied prisoners of war and civilian internees; transporting combat units from New Guinea, the Netherlands Indies, and the Solomons, to the Philippines.  Group flew one combat glider tow mission on 23 Jun 1945 to Aparri, Luzon.  Transported troops to Okinawa, Jun-Aug 1945, and occupation forces to Japan after V-J Day.  Moved to Japan in Sep 1945.  Reduced operations beginning Nov 1945 and inactivated in Japan on 15 Jan 1946.  Activated as a Reserve organization in Ohio on 6 Jul 1947.  Ordered to active service and moved to North Carolina in Oct 1950; received C-119 aircraft the following month.  Tactical training began in Mar 1951.  Transported personnel and supplies to Army units in the field.  Airdropped personnel and equipment during army exercises.  Moved to Germany, Jul-Aug 1951.  Participated with US, British, and French units in field training until inactivated on 14 Jul 1952.  Activated in the Reserve on 18 May 1955.  By 1958, flew airlift missions and participated in tactical exercises.  Group inactivated on 14 Apr 1959, with the tactical squadrons reassigned directly to the 433 Wing.  Activated on 1 Aug 1992, gained direct control of the 433 Wing's tactical squadron.  Beginning in Aug 1992, participated in airlift missions worldwide, including numerous humanitarian missions.   Supported Operation Enduring Freedom, 2001-; and Operation Iraqi Freedom, 2003-.                       

 

Service Streamers.   None.


Campaign Streamers.   World War II:  Air Offensive, Japan; New Guinea; Northern Solomons; Bismarck Archipelago; Western Pacific; Leyte; Luzon; Southern Philippines; Ryukyus.


Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers.  None.


Decorations.  Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 12 Sep 2000-11 Sep 2002; 1 Sep 2004-31 Aug 2006; 1 Jan 2007-31 Dec 2008.   Philippine Presidential Unit Citation (WWII).


Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 15 Jun 2012.


Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through Mar 2000.


Supersedes statement prepared on 23 Feb 2001.


Emblem.   Group should request for wing emblem with group designation in the scroll in accordance with AFI 84-105, Chapter 3.


Prepared by Patsy Robertson.


Reviewed by Daniel Haulman