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ANDERSON, Orvil Arson Papers (1902-1966)

4.3 cu ft

Call No. 168.7006

IRIS Nos. 00125775-00125907

(1895-1965). Major General. USAF, 1917-1950. Born 2 May 1895, Springville, UT. Balloon School, 1918; Airship School, 1920; Navy Rigid Airship Ground Course, 1924; Air Corps Tactical School, 1937; Command and General Staff School, 1938. Served to grade of Corporal, Aviation Sections, Signal Corps, 1917-1918; commissioned Second Lieutenant, Air Service, August, 1918. Career assignments include: various duties as company and field grade officer, 1918-1934; successively co-pilot, Explorer I and pilot, Explorer II balloon flights, 1934-1935; member, Air Corps Board, 1939-1941; Chief, Air War Plans Division, HQ USAAF, 1941-1943; Chairman, Combined Operational Planning Committee, Combined Chiefs of Staff, 1943-1944; Deputy Commander for Operations, HQ Eighth Air Force, 1944-1945; Senior Military Adviser, United States Strategic bombing Survey, HQ USAF, 1945-1946; Commandant, Air War College, 1946-1950. Retired December 1950. Died 23 August 1965, Maxwell AFB, Montgomery, AL.

Personal and official papers relating to Anderson's Air Force career primarily for 1918-1966. Personal and official correspondence (1935-1950) containing materials on Anderson's career, duties as Commandant of the Air War College (1946-1950), his controversial views on preventive warfare, and his resignation from the Air Force. Also includes personal correspondence (1954-1966) pertaining to his retirement activities, his role in the Air Force Historical Foundation, as well as some comments on his official reports and correspondence from Strategic bombing Survey (1945-1946). Also includes copies of speeches, lectures, and articles by Anderson (1946-1954). Also contains some photographs, clippings, and related items on the flights of the balloons Explorer I and Explorer II (1934-1936). Includes various materials on Communism, air power, and the Air Force collected by Anderson (1943-1964).

Access to a few items limited by USAF administrative restrictions.

Related materials located elsewhere in the Document Collection, Air Force Historical Research Agency, include an oral history interview with transcript (1959).