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315 Operations Group (AFRC)

Lineage. Established as 315 Transport Group on 2 Feb 1942. Activated on 14 Feb 1942. Redesignated 315 Troop Carrier Group on 4 Jul 1942. Inactivated on 31 Jul 1945. Activated on 19 May 1947. Inactivated on 10 Sep 1948. Redesignated 315 Troop Carrier Group, Medium, on 23 May 1952. Activated on 10 Jun 1952. Inactivated on 18 Jan 1955. Redesignated 315 Troop Carrier Group, Assault, and activated, on 9 Nov 1962. Organized on 8 Dec 1962. Redesignated 315 Air Commando Group, Troop Carrier, on 8 Mar 1965. Discontinued, and inactivated, on 8 Mar 1966. Redesignated: 315 Military Airlift Group on 31 Jul 1985; 315 Operations Group on 1 Aug 1992. Activated in the Reserve on 1 Aug 1992. 

Assignments. Air Service Command, 14 Feb 1942; 50 Transport Wing, 31 Mar 1942; 52 Troop Carrier Wing, 20 Jun 1942; VIII Air Support Command, c. 29 Nov 1942 (attached to 1 Fighter Division [Provisional], 30 Aug-15 Oct 1943); 50 Troop Carrier Wing, 16 Oct 1943; 52 Troop Carrier Wing, 18 Feb 1944; Caribbean Wing, Air Transport Command, 15 May-31 Jul 1945. Tactical Air Command, 19 May 1947-10 Sep 1948. 315 Troop Carrier Wing, 10 Jun 1952-18 Jan 1955. Pacific Air Forces, 9 Nov 1962; 315 Air Division, 8 Dec 1962-8 Mar 1966 (attached to 2d Air Division entire period). 315 Airlift Wing, 1 Aug 1992-. 

Components. Squadrons. 6 Transport: Mar-Jun 1942. 19 Troop Carrier (later, 19 Air Commando): 10 Jun 1952-18 Jan 1955; 8 Oct 1964-8 Mar 1966. 32 Transport (later, 32 Troop Carrier): 14 Feb-11 Nov 1942 (detached 27 Sep-11 Nov 1942). 34 Transport (later, 34 Troop Carrier): 14 Feb 1942-31 Jul 1945; 19 May 1947-10 Sep 1948; 10 Jun 1952-18 Jan 1955. 35 Transport: 14 Feb-8 Jun 1942. 43 Transport (later, 43 Troop Carrier): 15 Jun 1942-31 Jul 1945; 19 May 1947-10 Sep 1948; 10 Jun 1952-18 Jan 1955. 54 Transport (later, 54 Troop Carrier): 11 Jun-22 Oct 1942 (detached). 61 Troop Carrier: 26 Oct 1942-14 Mar 1943 (detached). 62 Troop Carrier: 5 Dec 1942-14 Mar 1943 (detached). 300 Airlift: 1 Aug 1992-. 309 Troop Carrier (later, 309 Air Commando): 26 Apr 1944-31 Jul 1945; 1 Jul 1963-8 Mar 1966. 310 Troop Carrier (later, 310 Air Commando): 26 Apr 1944-31 Jul 1945; 8 Jul 1963-8 Mar 1966. 311 Troop Carrier (later, 311 Air Commando): 8 Jul 1963-8 Mar 1966. 317 Airlift: 1 Aug 1992-. 344 Troop Carrier: 10 Jun 1952-18 Jan 1955 (detached 14 Dec 1952-13 Oct 1953). 701 Airlift: 1 Aug 1992-. 707 Airlift: 1 Aug 1992-1 Jul 2000. 776 Troop Carrier: 1-8 Jul 1963. 777 Troop Carrier: attached 17 Apr-30 Jun 1963, assigned 1-8 Jul 1963. Tactical Air Force Transport, Provisional, 2: attached 8 Dec 1962-8 Jul 1963. 

Stations. Olmsted Field, PA, 14 Feb 1942; Bowman Field, KY, 18 Jun 1942; Florence AAB, SC, 4 Aug-Oct 1942; Aldermaston, England, Dec 1942; Welford Park, England, 6 Nov 1943; Spanhoe, England, 7 Feb 1944; Amiens, France, 6 Apr-13 May 1945; Waller Field, Trinidad, c. 24 May-31 Jul 1945. Langley Field (later, AFB), VA, 19 May 1947-10 Sep 1948. Brady AB, Japan, 10 Jun 1952-18 Jan 1955. Tan Son Nhut AB, South Vietnam, 8 Dec 1962-8 Mar 1966. Charleston AFB, SC, 1 Aug 1992-. 

Commanders. Maj Thomas J. Schofield, 14 Feb 1942; Col Hamish McLelland, 17 Apr 1942; 1st Lt William H. Sims, 25 May 1943; Capt Russel L. Maughan, 26 Jun 1943; 1st Lt William H. Sims, 3 Sep 1943; Lt Col James L. Zimmerman, 19 Sep 1943; Capt William H. Sims, 4 Nov 1943; Lt Col William G. Booth, 30 Nov 1943; Col Hamish McLelland, 21 Jan 1944; Lt Col Howard B. Lyon, 24 Jun 1944; Col Hamish McLelland, 19 Sep 1944; Lt Col Howard B. Lyon, 29 Sep 1944; Lt Col Robert J. Gibbons, 9 Jan 1945; Col Howard B. Lyon, 23 Feb 1945; Lt Col Robert J. Gibbons, 25 Mar-May 1945; unkn, May-31 Jul 1945. None (not manned), 19 May 1947-10 Sep 1948. Lt Col Jack L. Crawford Jr., 10 Jun 1952; Lt Col Gene I. Martin, 5 Dec 1952; Col Kenneth L. Glassburn, 11 Aug 1953; Lt Col Jacob P. Sartz Jr., 9 Nov 1954-18 Jan 1955. Col Lopez J. Mantoux, 8 Dec 1962; Col Lyle D. Lutton Jr., c. 27 Dec 1962; Col Leon M. Tannenbaum, 25 Mar 1963; Col Thomas B. Kennedy, 29 May 1963; Col David T. Fleming, c. Jun 1964; Col George L. Hannah Jr., Jul 1965-8 Mar 1966. Col Robert L. Swanson, 1 Aug 1992; Lt Col Michael L. Smith (acting), 7 Sep 1993; Col Charles D. Ethredge, 5 Mar 1994; Col James B. Roberts Jr., 15 Mar 1998-. 

Aircraft. Primarily C-47, 1942-1945, but included C-60, 1942; C-53, 1942 and 1944-1945; and C-46, 1945. C-46, 1952-1955. Primarily C-123, 1962-1966, but included YC-123, 1963; CV-2, 1963 and 1965-1966; HUC-123, 1964-1965; UC-123, 1965-1966; and C-130, 1965-1966. C-141, 1992-c. 2000; C-17, 1993-. 

Operations. After training in the US, moved to England, Oct-Nov 1942, for service with Eighth Air Force. Encountering bad weather while flying the North Atlantic route, the air echelon remained for about a month in Greenland, where it searched for missing aircraft and dropped supplies to downed crews. After the air and ground echelons were united in Dec, the group began ferrying cargo in the British Isles and training with airborne troops and gliders. In May 1943 a "detachment" comprising almost all the group aircraft, aircrews, and most support personnel, deployed to North Africa to support Twelfth Air Force and other Mediterranean Theater of Operations organizations during the invasions of Sicily and Italy. Although the group did not participate in the airborne phase of the invasions, it did support those operations by transporting supplies in the theater. In Mar 1944 the detachment returned to England and rejoined the group, which had been reassigned to Ninth Air Force in Oct 1943. Prepared for the invasion of the Continent, and dropped paratroops near Cherbourg early on 6 Jun 1944, earning a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for its action in the Normandy invasion. Dropped paratroops of the 82d Airborne Division on 17 Sep 1944 when the Allies launched the air attack on Holland; flew reinforcement missions on succeeding days, landing at Grave on 26 Sep to unload paratroops and supplies. Airlifted gasoline and other critical supplies to Antwerp and Liege during the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944-Jan 1945. Released British paratroops near Wesel during the airborne assault across the Rhine in Mar 1945. Following each airborne operation, the group resumed transport activities, hauling cargo and evacuating wounded personnel. Moved to France in Apr 1945. Transported cargo and evacuated allied former prisoners of war until after V-E Day. Moved to Trinidad in May 1945 and transported troops returning to the US. Inactivated on 31 Jul 1945. Activated in 1947, the group was not manned or equipped, and inactivated again in 1948. Next activated in Japan in 1952, assigned to Far East Forces, for duty during the Korean War. Flew troop and cargo airlift and airdrop, leaflet drops, spray missions, air evacuation, search and rescue, and other aerial missions between Japan and Korea. Remained in the Far East after the war to fly transport missions and paratroop training flights. Flew missions in Japan, Korea, French Indo-China, and other points until Dec 1954. Inactivated in Japan on 18 Jan 1955. Organized in South Vietnam in Dec 1962, replacing a provisional troop carrier group. Exercised control over USAF airlift resources in Vietnam, using attached squadrons until permanent squadrons were assigned in Jul 1963. Provided combat evaluation of YC-123 aircraft, Feb-Apr 1963. Exercised control of some CV-2 aircraft of US Army, Jul-Dec 1963 and of a CV-2 Royal Australian Air Force detachment, 1965-1966. Gained the Ranch Hand defoliation mission in Jul 1964. Replaced in Mar 1966 by the 315th Air Commando Wing. Activated at Charleston AFB, SC, in the Reserve in Aug 1992 to control the airlift operations of the 315th Airlift Wing. Flew contingency operation, humanitarian airlift missions, and exercises worldwide, 1992-. In 1993, the 315th was the first Air Force Reserve group to fly the C-17 Globemaster III. It took part in the first US-Russian joint military exercise in 1994. 

Service Streamers. World War II American Theater. 

Campaign Streamers. World War II: Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Central Europe. Korea: Korea, Summer-Fall 1952; Third Korean Winter; Korea, Summer 1953. Vietnam: Vietnam Advisory; Vietnam Defensive; Vietnam Air. 

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None. 

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citation: France, [6] Jun 1944. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards with Combat "V" Device: 1 May 1963-30 Apr 1965; 30 Jun-9 Jul 1965. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Jul 1993-30 Jun 1995; 1 Jul 1995-30 Jun 1997; 1 Sep 1998-31 Aug 2000; 11 Sep 2001-10 Sep 2003; 1 Aug 2005-31 Jul 2007. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation: [10 Jun 1952]-27 Jul 1953. 

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 27 May 2009. 

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through 30 Sep 2001. 

Supersedes statement prepared on 23 Nov 1999. 

Emblem. Group will use the wing emblem with the group designation in the scroll. 

Prepared by Carl E. Bailey. 

Approved by Daniel L. Haulman.