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94 Operations Group (AFRC)

Lineage. Established as 94 Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 15 Jun 1942. Redesignated as 94 Bombardment Group, Heavy on 20 Aug 1943. Inactivated on 21 Dec 1945. Redesignated as 94 Bombardment Group, Very Heavy on 13 May 1947. Activated in the Reserve on 29 May 1947. Redesignated as 94 Bombardment Group, Light on 26 Jun 1949. Ordered to active service on 10 Mar 1951. Inactivated on 20 Mar 1951. Redesignated as 94 Tactical Reconnaissance Group on 26 May 1952. Activated in the Reserve on 14 Jun 1952. Redesignated as: 94 Bombardment Group, Tactical on 18 May 1955; 94 Troop Carrier Group, Medium on 1 Jul 1957. Inactivated on 14 Apr 1959. Redesignated as: 94 Tactical Airlift Group on 31 Jul 1985; 94 Operations Group on 1 Aug 1992. Activated in the Reserve on 1 Aug 1992.
 
Assignments. III Bomber Command, 15 Jun 1942; II Bomber Command, 29 Jun 1942; Eighth Air Force, 12 May 1943; VIII Bomber Command, 19 May 1943; 4 Bombardment Wing, 25 May 1943; 401 Provisional Combat Wing Bombardment, 6 Jun 1943; 3 Air Division, 13 Sep 1943; 4 Combat Bombardment Wing, 14 Sep 1943; 14 Bombardment Wing, 16 Jun 1945; 3 Air Division, 8 Aug 1945; 1 Air Division, 12 Aug 1945; 3 Air Division, 28 Sep 1945; VIII Fighter Command, 1 Nov-Dec 1945. 19 Bombardment Wing (later, 19 Air Division), 29 May 1947; 94 Bombardment Wing, 26 Jun 1949-20 Mar 1951. 94 Tactical Reconnaissance (later, 94 Bombardment; 94 Troop Carrier), 14 Jun 1952-14 Apr 1959. 94 Airlift Wing, 1 Aug 1992-.
 
Operational Components. Squadrons. 331 Bombardment (later, 731 Troop Carrier): 15 Jun 1942-29 Nov 1945; 29 May 1947-20 Mar 1951; 14 Jun 1952-14 Apr 1959. 332 Bombardment (later, 732 Troop Carrier): 15 Jun 1942-15 Dec 1945; 29 May 1947-20 Mar 1951; 14 Jun 1952-14 Apr 1959. 333 Bombardment: 15 Jun 1942-1 Dec 1945; 29 May 1947-20 Mar 1951; 14 Jun 1952-18 May 1955. 410 Bombardment: 15 Jun 1942-19 Dec 1945; 17 Jul 1947-20 Mar 1951. 700 Airlift: 1 Aug 1992-.
 
Stations. MacDill Field, FL, 15 Jun 1942; Pendleton, OR, 29 Jun 1942; Davis-Monthan Fld, AZ, 29 Aug 1942; Biggs Field, TX, 1 Nov 1942; Pueblo AAB, CO, 2 Jan-17 Apr 1943; Earls Colne, England, 12 May 1943; Bury St. Edmunds, England, 9 Jun 1943-12 Dec 1945; Camp Kilmer, NJ, 20-21 Dec 1945. Marietta AAFld (later, Marietta AFB; Dobbins AFB), GA, 29 May 1947-20 Mar 1951. Dobbins AFB, GA, 14 Jun 1952; Scott AFB, IL, 18 May 1955; Laurence G. Hanscom Fld, MA, 16 Nov 1957-14 Apr 1959. Dobbins ARB, GA, 1 Aug 1992-.

Commanders. Col John G. Moore, 15 Jun 1942; Col Frederick W. Castle, 22 Jun 1943; Col Charles B. Dougher, 17 Apr 1944; Col Nicholas T. Perkins, 16 Mar 1945; Lt Col Ernest B. Maxwell, by 3 Jun 1945-unkn. Unkn, 29 May 1947-20 Mar 1951. Unkn, 14 Jun 1952-14 Apr 1959. Col Carl E. Vogt, 1 Aug 1992; Col Nelson D. Powell Jr., 9 Jul 1995; Col James N. Stewart, Jun 2000; Col Heath Nuckolls, Feb 2002; Col Lee R. Hutchinson, May 2004; Col Brett Clark, Mar 2006; Col Steven R. Clayton, Oct 2006-.
 
Aircraft. B-17, 1942-1945. B-29, 1947-1949; B-26, 1949-1951. C-46, 1952-1955; TF-51, 1953-1955; F-51, 1953-1954; B-26, 1953-1955, 1955-1957; C-54, 1953-1955; F-80, 1954-1955; RB-26, 1954-1955; F-84, 1954-1955; C-47, 1955; C-119, 1957, 1957-1959. C-130, 1992-.
 
Operations. Trained at various bases in the United States for heavy bombardment missions overseas before moving to England in Apr-May 1943. Entered combat on 13 May 1943. Attacked strategic enemy targets such as ports, shipyards, factories, marshalling yards, oil facilities, and ball-bearing works in Germany and France. Participated in a famous but costly raid on Regensburg, Germany, on 17 Aug 1943, for which the group earned a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC). Earned a second DUC for an 11 Jan 1944 mission against an aircraft parts factory at Brunswick, Germany. Took part in heavy bombardment campaign against German aircraft industry during Big Week (Feb 1944). Before Operation Overlord, the group bombed V-weapon sites, airfields, and other military installations along the northern coast of France. Flew ground support and interdiction missions to support the invasion of Normandy (Jun 1944) and the breakout of Allied troops at St. Lo (Jul 1944) in France. The group supported airborne attacks in the Netherlands in Sep 1944. During the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944-Jan 1945, the group struck marshalling yards, airfields, and strong enemy positions. Bombed transportation, communication, and fuel targets during the Allied crossing of the Rhine and the advance of U.S. and British armies into Germany. Returned to the United States and inactivated in Dec 1945. Between 1947 and 1951, the group served as an Air Force Reserve bombardment group, converting from heavy to light bombers in 1949. Activated again in May 1955 as a tactical bombardment group, but became a troop carrier group in Jul 1957. It inactivated again in Apr 1959. Since Aug 1992, the group operated from the busiest Air Force Reserve base in the world, training reservists for missions as part of the Air Force's Total Force concept. Personnel and aircraft assigned to the group participated in various exercises and operations within the United States and overseas, including relief and contingency missions to Southwest Asia, Europe, and the Caribbean Sea. In Mar and Apr 1996, group personnel and aircraft deployed to Europe in support of peacekeeping missions in Bosnia. Trained C-130 aircrews for USAF; maintained combat ready units to deploy on short notice in support of contingency operations worldwide, 2000-.
 
Service Streamers. None.
 
Campaign Streamers. World War II: Air Offensive, Europe; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe; Air Combat, EAME.
 
Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: Regensburg, Germany, 17 Aug 1943; Brunswick, Germany, 11 Jan 1944. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1-29 Aug 1992; 16 Aug 1992-15 Aug 1994; 16 Aug 1995-15 Aug 1997.
 
Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through Jul 2010.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through Jun 2010.

Supersedes statement prepared on 24 Feb 2000.

Emblem. Group will use the wing emblem with the group designation in the scroll.
 
Prepared by Patsy Robertson.
 
Reviewed by Daniel Haulman.