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442 Air Expeditionary Squadron (ACC)

Lineage. Constituted as 442 Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 19 Jun 1942. Activated on 23 Jun 1942. Redesignated as 442 Bombardment Squadron, Medium on 9 Oct 1944. Inactivated on 6 Dec 1945. Redesignated as 442 Bombardment Squadron Light on 26 May 1947. Activated in the Reserve on 9 Jul 1947. Inactivated on 27 Jun 1949. Redesignated as 442 Bombardment Squadron, Medium, and activated, on 1 Dec 1952. Discontinued on 15 Sep 1960. Redesignated as 442 Air Expeditionary Squadron, and converted to provisional status, on 13 May 2011.
 
Assignments. 320 Bombardment Group, 1 Jul 1942-6 Dec 1945. 320 Bombardment Group, 9 Jul 1947-27 Jun 1949. 320 Bombardment Wing, 1 Dec 1952-15 Sep 1960. Air Combat Command to activate or inactivate at any time on or after 13 May 2011.

Stations. MacDill Field, FL, 1 Jul 1942; Drane Field, FL, 8-28 Aug 1942; Hethel, England, 12 Sep 1942; Tibenham, England, 1 Oct 1942; La Senia, Algeria, 9 Jan 1943; Tafaraoui, Algeria, 28 Jan 1943; Montesquieu, Algeria, 14 Apr 1943; Massicault, Tunisia, 29 Jun 1943; El Bathan, Tunisia, 29 Jul 1943; Decimomannu, Sardenia, c. 9 Nov 1943; Alto, Corsica, 20 Sep 1944; Dijon/Longvic, France, 11 Nov 1944; Dole/Tavaux, France, 2 Apr 1945; Herzogenaurach, Germany, 22 Jun 1945; Clastres, France, c. Oct-27 Nov 1945; Camp Shanks, NJ, c. 4-6 Dec 1945. Mitchel Field, NY, 9 Jul 1947-27 Jun 1949. March AFB, CA, 1 Dec 1952-15 Sep 1960.
 
Commanders. Capt William J. Headrick Jr., 1 Jul 1942; Maj Charleston B. Gladden, 28 Aug 1942; Maj Gordon F. Friday, 6 Dec 1943; Capt L. E. Probasco, 20 Apr 1944; Capt Robert N. Deatly, 28 Jul 1944; Capt James R. Carraher, 14 Nov 1944 (acting); Maj Robert N. Deatly, 28 Mar 1945-unkn. Unkn, 9 Jul 1947-27 Jun 1949. Lt Col A. W. Holderness, 1 Dec 1952; Lt Col William A. Martin, Aug 1953; Lt Col Keith A. Whitaker, 19 Apr 1954; Lt Col James R. Irish, 14 Jun 1955; Lt Col James W. Wray Jr., 3 Nov 1956; Lt Col John E. Murphy, Sep 1958-unkn.
 
Aircraft. B-26, 1942-1945. B-29, 1952-1953; YRB-47, 1953; B-47, 1953-1960.
 
Operations. Antisubmarine patrols in the Mediterranean, Feb-Mar 1943; combat in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) and the European Theater of Operations (ETO), 22 Apr 1943-1 May 1945. Received a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for the 12 May 1944 bombing of enemy concentrations near Fondi, Italy in support of Fifth Army's advance toward Rome. Received a second DUC for 15 Mar 1945 participation in a five day dawn-to-dusk attack on the Siegfried Line. Combat crews trained to ensure combat readiness on short notice, globally, and under any climate, terrain, or weather conditions, 1952-1960.
 
Service Streamers. None.
 
Campaign Streamers. World War II: Tunisia; Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Anzio; Rome-Arno; Northern France; Southern France; North Apennines; Rhineland; Central Europe; Air Combat, EAME Theater; Antisubmarine, EAME Theater.
 
Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: Italy, 12 May 1944; France, 15 Mar 1945. French Croix de Guerre with Palm: Apr, May, and Jun 1944.
 
Lineage, Assignments, Stations, and Honors through 24 Jun 2011.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through Sep 1960.

Supersedes information published in Maurer Maurer (ed.), Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (Washington: USGPO, 1969).

Emblem. Approved on 10 Aug 1953; squadron must revise emblem to meet standards of AFI 84-105, Chapter 3 prior to use.

Prepared by Patsy Robertson.
 
Reviewed by Carl E. Bailey.