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20 SPECIAL OPERATIONS SQUADRON (AFSOC)

Posted 1/24/2012 Printable Fact Sheet
 
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20 Special Operations Squadron Emblem
In accordance with Chapter 3 of AFI 84-105, commercial reproduction of this emblem is NOT permitted without the permission of the proponent organizational/unit commander.
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Lineage. Constituted as 20 Observation Squadron (Light) on 5 Feb 1942. Activated on 2 Mar 1942. Redesignated as: 20 Observation Squadron on 4 Jul 1942; 20 Reconnaissance Squadron (Fighter) on 2 Apr 1943; 20 Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron on 11 Aug 1943. Inactivated on 27 Nov 1945. Consolidated (19 Sep 1985) with the 20 Helicopter Squadron, which was constituted on 24 Feb 1956. Activated on 9 Jul 1956. Discontinued, and inactivated, on 8 Mar 1960. Activated on 24 Sep 1965. Organized on 8 Oct 1965. Redesignated as 20 Special Operations Squadron on 1 Aug 1968. Inactivated on 1 Apr 1972. Activated on 1 Jan 1976.
 
Assignments. Air Force Combat Command, 2 Mar 1942; Army Air Forces, 9 Mar 1942; 76 Observation (later, 76 Reconnaissance; 76 Tactical Reconnaissance) Group, 12 Mar 1942; III Reconnaissance Command, 23 Aug 1943; Army Air Forces, India-Burma Sector, 26 Dec 1943 (attached to 5306 Photographic and Reconnaissance Group [Provisional], 26 Dec 1943-17 Jan 1944, and to Tenth Air Force, 17 Jan-7 Mar 1944); Tenth Air Force, 7 Mar 1944 (attached to 5320 Air Defense Wing [Provisional], Mar-May 1944); 8 Photographic (later, 8 Reconnaissance) Group, 25 Apr 1944; Army Air Forces, India-Burma Theater, Oct-27 Nov 1945. Eighteenth Air Force, 9 Jul 1956 (attached to 314 Troop Carrier Wing, 9 Jul 1956-); Ninth Air Force, 1 Sep 1957-8 Mar 1960 (remained attached to 314 Troop Carrier Wing to 16 Jul 1959; attached to 354 Tactical Fighter Wing, 16 Jul 1959-8 Mar 1960). Pacific Air Forces, 24 Sep 1965; 2 Air Division, 8 Oct 1965 (attached to 6250 Combat Support Group, c. 10 Dec 1965-8 Mar 1966); 14 Air Commando (later, 14 Special Operations) Wing, 8 Mar 1966; 483 Tactical Airlift Wing, 1 Sep 1971-1 Apr 1972. 1 Special Operations Wing, 1 Jan 1976; 1 Special Operations (later, 16 Operations; 1 Special Operations) Group, 22 Sep 1992; 27 Special Operations Group, 1 Dec 2009-.

Stations. Savannah AB, GA, 2 Mar 1942; Pope Field, NC, 28 Mar 1942; Vichy AAFld, MO, 14 Dec 1942; Morris Field, NC, 8 May 1943; Key Field, MS, 31 Aug-8 Nov 1943; Camp Anza, CA, 11-c. 17 Nov 1943; Bombay, India, 26 Dec 1943; Camp Deolali, India, 28 Dec 1943; Gushkara, India, 5 Jan 1944 (flight operated from Kisselbari, India, 6-25 Mar 1944); Kisselbari, India, 26 Mar 1944 (operated from Dinjan, India, 1 May-20 Jun 1944; detachment at Tingkawk Sakan, Burma, 21 May-20 Jun 1944; Tingkawk Sakan, Burma, 21 Jun-c. 10 Nov 1944; detachment at Myitkyina, Burma, 10 Jul-c. 25 Aug 1944); Myitkyina, Burma, c. 9 Nov 1944 (flight operated from Akyab, Burma, 12 Apr-22 May 1945); Nagaghuli, India, c. 20 Apr 1945; Dergaon, India, 6 Jul 1945; Piardoba, India, Sep-4 Nov 1945; Camp Kilmer, NJ, 26-27 Nov 1945. Sewart AFB, TN, 9 Jul 1956; Myrtle Beach AFB, SC, 16 Jul 1959-8 Mar 1960. Tan Son Nhut AB, South Vietnam, 8 Oct 1965; Nha Trang AB, South Vietnam, 15 Jun 1966; Tuy Hoa AB, South Vietnam, 5 Sep 1969; Cam Ranh Bay AB, South Vietnam, 25 Sep 1970-1 Apr 1972. Eglin AF Auxiliary Field No. 9 (Hurlburt Field), FL, 1 Jan 1976; Cannon AFB, NM, 1 Dec 2009 -.

Commanders. Unkn, 2 Mar 1942; Capt Thomas H. Verdel Jr., 20 Apr 1942; Capt Kenneth T. Rooney, 2 May 1942; Maj Andre T. McMillin, 24 Aug 1942-unkn; Maj William R. Fornof, c. Aug 1943; Maj John D. Reid, c. Apr-c. Aug 1945; unkn, Aug-27 Nov 1945. Maj James F. Fowler, 9 Jul 1956; Maj Gregg D. Hartley, 28 Aug 1956; Lt Col Oscar N. Tibbetts, 7 Oct 1958; Maj Gregg D. Hartley, 25 Jan 1959; Capt Bennie F. Lemoine, 25 Jan-8 Mar 1960. None (not manned), 8 Oct-9 Dec 1965; Lt Col Lawrence R. Cummings, c. 10 Dec 1965; Lt Col Charles O. Smith, Nov 1966; Lt Col Johnny T. Williams, 25 Nov 1966; Lt Col John W. Amidon, Feb 1967; Lt Col John M. Steen, Oct 1967; Lt Col William B. Skinner, May 1968; Lt Col James A. McMullen, 14 Nov 1968; Lt Col Frank A. DiFiglia, 1 Dec 1968; Lt Col David K. Sparks, 26 Mar 1969; Lt Col Stephen Von Phul, 18 Nov 1969; Lt Col Alexander G. Edgar, 3 Jan 1970; Lt Col Harmon M. Brotnov, 6 Nov 1970; Lt Col Alfred G. Houston, Aug 1971; Maj Alan L. Taylor, 13 Oct 1971; Lt Col Meredith S. Sutton, 24 Nov 1971-1972. Lt Col Robert E. Mayo, Jan 1976; Lt Col John R. Roberts, 1 Jan 1978; Lt Col G. E. Borinski, 1 Jan 1980; Lt Col W. E. Takacs, 18 Aug 1980; Lt Col W. D. Corder, 10 Aug 1982; Lt Col W. W. Grant, 16 Jul 1984; Lt Col H. E. Johnson, 2 Jul 1986; Lt Col G. L. Weikel, 10 Jul 1988; Lt Col Richard Comer, 11 Jun 1990; Lt Col Russell E. Rakip, 8 Jun 1992; Lt Col Donald L. Hoover, 10 Jun 1994; Lt Col Michael C. Homan, 26 Jun 1995; Lt Col Thomas E. Hull, 30 Aug 1996; Lt Col John S. Hester III, 30 Jul 1998; Lt Col Thomas J. Trask, 16 Jul 1999; Lt Col Michael J. Kingsley, 1 Feb 2001; Lt Col Marshall B. Webb, 27 Jun 2002; Lt Col Richard Williams, 30 Jun 2003; Lt Col Scott A. Howell, 1 Jun 2005; Lt Col Vincent K. Becklund, 11 Jan 2007-unkn; none (not manned), 2009-14 Jan 2010; Lt Col Matthew D. Smith, 15 Jan 2010; Lt Col Thomas B. Palenske, 29 Apr 2011-.
 
Aircraft. A-20, DB-7, L-1, L-4, and P-43, 1942-1943; P-40, 1942-1945; L-5, 1942-1945; B-25, 1942-1945; P-51/F-6, 1945. H-21, 1956-1960. CH-3, 1965-1969; UH-1, 1967-1972. UH-1, 1976-1985; CH-3, 1976-1980; MH-53, 1980-2008; CV-22, 2009-.

Operations. Trained in aerial reconnaissance, Mar 1942-Nov 1943. Combat in China-Burma-India (CBI), 31 Jan 1944-5 May 1945. Trained using special operations helicopters, 1956-1960. Combat in Southeast Asia, Dec 1965-Mar 1972. Trained in special operations and conducted humanitarian missions, 1976-. Combat in Panama, Dec 1989-Jan 1990, and Kuwait, Jan-Feb 1991. Performed conventional and unconditional warfare missions as well as psychological operations, 1992-. Responded to initial recovery efforts on 11 Sep 2001 when terrorist attacked the Pentagon and the World Trade Center in New York City, NY. Deployed personnel to Operation Iraqi Freedom; provided adverse weather infiltration/exfiltration, fire support, combat search and rescue (CSAR), and transported cargo to coalition forces in the field, c. 2000-2008. Operated CV-22 Osprey aircraft in support of special operations, 2009-.
 
Service Streamers. World War II American Theater.

Campaign Streamers. World War II: India-Burma; Central Burma; China Defensive. Vietnam: Vietnam Defensive; Vietnam Air; Vietnam Air Offensive; Vietnam Air Offensive, Phase II; Vietnam Air Offensive, Phase III; Vietnam Air/Ground; Vietnam Air Offensive, Phase IV; TET 69/Counteroffensive; Vietnam Summer-Fall, 1969; Vietnam Winter-Spring, 1970; Sanctuary Counteroffensive; Southwest Monsoon; Commando Hunt V; Commando Hunt VI; Commando Hunt VII; Vietnam Ceasefire. Southwest Asia: Defense of Saudi Arabia; Liberation and Defense of Kuwait. Kosovo: Air Campaign.
Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. Panama, 1989-1990.

Decorations. Presidential Unit Citations: (Southeast Asia), 8 Mar 1966-7 Mar 1967; 1 Jun 1967-31 Mar 1972; 21 Jun 1968-30 Jun 1969. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards with Combat "V" Device: 10 Jan-12 Mar 1966; 1 Nov 1966-1 Apr 1967; 16 Jun 1967-20 Jun 1968; 1 Jul 1967-30 Jun 1968; 1 Jul 1970-30 Jun 1971; 1 Sep 1971-31 Dec 1971; 1 May 1982-30 Apr 1984; 1 Jun 1997-31 May 1999; 1 Jul 2003-30 Jun 2005; 1 Sep 2006-30 Jun 2007. Gallant Unit Citation: 6 Oct 2001-30 May 2003. Meritorious Unit Award: 1 Jul 2007-31 Mar 2009. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Jan 1976-31 Mar 1977; 6 Nov 1978-2 Mar 1979; 15 Jul 1979-15 May 1980; 16 May 1980-30 Apr 1982; 1 May 1985-30 Apr 1987; 1 May 1988-30 Apr 1990; 16 Apr 1992-15 Apr 1994; 1 Jun 1995-31 May 1997; 1 Jul 1999-30 Jun 2001; 1 Jul 2001-30 Jun 2003; 1 Sep 2004-31 Aug 2006. Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Crosses with Palm: 1 Jan-30 Aug 1968; 16 Jun 1967-1 Apr 1972.

Lineage, Assignments, Stations, and Honors through Aug 2011.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through Aug 2011.

Supersedes statement prepared on 28 Aug 2007.

Emblem. Approved on 9 Dec 1993.

Prepared by Patsy Robertson.

Reviewed by Daniel Haulman.







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