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86 OPERATIONS GROUP (USAFE)

Posted 4/27/2010 Printable Fact Sheet

Lineage. Established as 86 Bombardment Group (Light) on 13 Jan 1942. Activated on 10 Feb 1942. Redesignated as: 86 Bombardment Group (Dive) on 3 Sep 1942; 86 Fighter-Bomber Group on 23 Aug 1943; 86 Fighter Group on 30 May 1944. Inactivated on 31 Mar 1946. Activated on 20 Aug 1946. Redesignated as: 86 Composite Group on 15 May 1947; 86 Fighter Group on 25 Jan 1948; 86 Fighter-Bomber Group on 20 Jan 1950; 86 Fighter-Interceptor Group on 9 Aug 1954. Inactivated on 8 Mar 1958. Redesignated as 86 Tactical Fighter Group on 11 Sep 1975. Activated on 22 Sep 1975. Inactivated on 14 Jun 1985. Redesignated as 86 Operations Group, and activated, on 1 May 1991.
 
Assignments. Air Force Combat Command, 10 Feb 1942; Second Air Force, c. 28 Feb 1942; XII Bomber Command, 1 May 1942; Third Air Force, 21 Jul 1942; III Bomber Command, 8 May 1942; III Ground Air Support (later, III Air Support) Command, 10 Aug 1942 (attached to 23 Provisional Training Wing, c. Sep 1942-c. Mar 1943); Northwest African Training Command, c. 11 May 1943; Northwest African Tactical Air Force, c. 29 Jun 1943; 64 Fighter Wing, Jul 1943; XII Air Support (later, XII Tactical Air) Command, c. Nov 1943; 87 Fighter Wing, 9 Sep 1944; XII Fighter (later, XXII Tactical Air) Command, 15 Sep 1944; XII Tactical Air Command, 20 Feb 1945 (attached to 64 Fighter Wing, 21 Feb 1945-unkn); I Tactical Air Force (Provisional), c. 30 Apr 1945 (attached to XII Tactical Air Command, c. 30 Apr-19 Jun 1945); XII Tactical Air Command, 20 Jun 1945; 64 Fighter Wing, Aug 1945; Continental Air Forces (later, Strategic Air Command), 15 Feb-31 Mar 1946. 64 Fighter Wing, 20 Aug 1946; XII Tactical Air Command, 1 Mar 1947; United States Air Forces in Europe, 6 Oct 1947; 86 Fighter (later, 86 Fighter-Bomber; 86 Fighter-Interceptor) Wing, 1 Jul 1948-8 Mar 1958. 86 Tactical Fighter Wing, 22 Sep 1975-14 Jun 1985. 86 Fighter Wing (later, 86 Wing; 86 Airlift Wing), 1 May 1991-.
 
Operational Components. Squadrons. 37 Airlift: 1 Oct 1994-. 45 Reconnaissance (later, 45 Tactical Reconnaissance): 15 May 1947-25 Jan 1948. 55 Aeromedical Airlift: 1 Jul-1 Oct 1993. 58 Airlift: 1 Jun 1992-1 Oct 1993. 60 Fighter: attached 25 Jan-25 Aug 1947. 75 Airlift: 1 Oct 1993-30 Sep 2003. 76 Airlift: 1 Oct 1993-. 99 Fighter: attached 11-30 Jun 1944. 309 Airlift: 12 Mar 2002-. 309 Bombardment (later, 525 Fighter-Bomber; 525 Fighter; 525 Fighter-Bomber; 525 Fighter-Interceptor: 10 Feb 1942-31 Mar 1946 (not operational 24 Nov 1945-31 Mar 1946); 20 Aug 1946-8 Mar 1958 (detached 22 May 1954-7 Oct 1955 and 10 Aug 1956-8 Mar 1958). 310 Bombardment (later, 526 Fighter-Bomber; 526 Fighter; 526 Fighter-Bomber; 526 Fighter-Interceptor; 526 Tactical Fighter; 526 Fighter: 10 Feb 1942-31 Mar 1946 (not operational Oct 1945-31 Mar 1946); 20 Aug 1946-8 Mar 1958 (detached 22 May 1954-7 Oct 1955 and 10 Aug 1956-8 Mar 1958); 22 Sep 1975-14 Jun 1985; 1 May 1991-1 Jul 1994. 311 Bombardment: 10 Feb 1942-20 Jun 1943. 312 Bombardment (later, 527 Fighter-Bomber; 527 Fighter; 527 Fighter-Bomber; 527 Fighter-Day): 10 Feb 1942-31 Mar 1946 (not operational 24 Nov 1945-31 Mar 1946): 20 Aug 1946-15 May 1947; 25 Jan 1948-8 Feb 1956 (detached 22 May 1954-7 Oct 1955). 440 Fighter-Interceptor: attached 8 Oct 1955-2 Jan 1956, assigned 3 Jan 1956-8 Mar 1958 (detached 10 Aug 1956-8 Mar 1958). 461 Fighter-Day: attached 8 Feb-3 May 1956. 496 Fighter-Interceptor: attached 8 Oct 1955-2 Jan 1956, assigned 3 Jan 1956-8 Mar 1958 (detached 10 Aug 1956-8 Mar 1958). 512 Tactical Fighter (later, 512 Fighter): 15 Nov 1976-14 Jun 1985; 1 May 1991-1 Oct 1994.
 
Stations. Will Rogers Field, OK, 10 Feb 1942; Hunter Field, GA, c. 22 Jun 1942; Key Field, MS, c. 7 Aug 1942; Camp Kilmer, NJ, 22 Mar-28 Apr 1943; La Senia, Algeria, 11 May 1943; Marnia, French Morocco, 3 Jun 1943; Tarfaraoui, Algeria, 11 Jun 1943; Korba, Tunisia, 30 Jun 1943; Gela West Landing Ground, Sicily, 21 Jul 1943; Barcelona Landing Ground, Sicily, 27 Aug 1943; Sele Airfield, Italy, 22 Sep 1943; Serretella Airfield, Italy, 12 Oct 1943; Pomigliano Airfield, Italy, 19 Nov 1943; Marcianise Airfield, Italy, 30 Apr 1944; Ciampino Airfield, Italy, c. 12 Jun 1944; Orbetello Airfield, Italy, c. 19 Jun 1944; Poretta Airfield, Corsica, c. 12 Jul 1944; Grosseto Airfield, Italy, c. 17 Sep 1944; Pisa Airdrome, Italy, 6 Nov 1944; Tatonville Airfield, France, 20 Feb 1945; Braunschardt, Germany, c. 17 Apr 1945; Schweinfurt, Germany, 26 Sep 1945-15 Feb 1946; Bolling Field, DC, 15 Feb-31 Mar 1946. Nordholz AAB, Germany, 20 Aug 1946; Lechfeld AAB, Germany, c. 14 Nov 1946; Bad Kissengen, Germany, 5 Mar 1947; Neubiberg AB (later, AFB; AB), Germany, 12 Jun 1947 (deployed at Munich-Riem AB, Germany, Jul-7 Aug 1948, and Giebelstadt AB, Germany, 20 May-3 Aug 1951); Landstuhl AB, Germany, 9 Aug 1952-8 Mar 1958. Ramstein AB, Germany, 22 Sep 1975-14 Jun 1985. Ramstein AB, Germany, 1 May 1991-.
 
Commanders. Unkn, 10 Feb-c. 6 Aug 1942; Lt Col Robert C. Paul, c. 7 Aug 1942-unkn; Maj Clinton U. True, 10 Feb 1943-unkn; Lt Col Robert C. Paul, 7 Aug 1943; Col Harold E. Kofahl, 4 Dec 1943; Col Earl E. Bates Jr., 2 Aug 1944; Lt Col George T. Lee, 14 Feb 1945; Maj John H. Buckner, 23 Sep 1945-c. 14 Feb 1946; none (not manned), 15 Feb-31 Mar 1946. Col Adolphus R. McConnell, 20 Aug 1946; Col Clarence T. Edwinson, Nov 1946; Lt Col Maruice L. Martin, c. Feb-c. 5 Mar 1947; none (not manned), c. 5 Mar-24 Jun 1947; Col W. Sullivan, c. 25 Jun 1947; Col Clarence T. Edwinson, 21 Jul 1947; Col Michael J. Ingelido, 1 Jul 1948; Lt Col James G. Thorsen, May 1949; Col William H. Councill, Jun 1949; Lt Col Elmer E. McTaggart, 8 Mar 1950; Col William H. Councill, 22 Apr 1950; Col George T. Lee, 1 Oct 1950; Col Richard O. Hunziker, 6 Mar 1951; Col George Laven Jr., 18 Oct 1951; Col George R. Bickell, 26 Apr 1952; Col George B. Simler, 16 Jun 1952-21 May 1954 (permanent), 22 May 1954 (additional duty); Lt Col George W. McLaughlin, c. 10 Jul 1954 (additional duty); Col Fred J. Ascani, c. 10 Sep 1954 (additional duty); Col Robin Olds, by Sep 1955 (additional duty to 8 Oct 1955, permanent thereafter); Lt Col Carl W. Habeck, 24 Apr 1956; Col Robin Olds, c. Jul 1956; Maj Alex M. Sentes, c. 10 Aug 1956 (additional duty); Maj Charles D. Sumner Jr., 24 Oct 1956 (additional duty); Lt Col George G. Dewey, 8 Nov 1956 (additional duty); Col James W. Little, 18 Feb 1957-8 Mar 1958 (additional duty). Col Robert D. Carter, 22 Sep 1975; Col Albert A. Wuerz, 15 Dec 1975; Col James H. Mirehouse, 14 Jun 1976; Col Robert E. Belli, 14 Feb 1977; Col Robert B. Plowden, 24 Apr 1978; Col Ronald L. Barker, 12 Mar 1979; Col Keith N. Hall, 4 Jan 1980; Col Donald L. Kaufman, 28 May 1981; Col Larry R. Keith, 14 Jul 1982; Col John L. Borling, 6 Jul 1983; Col Graham E. Shirley, 31 Jul 1984-14 Jun 1985. Col Eddie G. Pickrel, 1 May 1991; Col Charles F. Wald, 2 Jul 1992; Col Bruce A. Wright, 3 Mar 1993; Col David L. Johnson, 13 Jun 1994; Col John E. Mazurowski, 25 Apr 1995; Lt Col Frank Laras, 29 May 1996 (interim); Col John O. Verling, 25 Jun 1996; Col Joseph M. Reheiser, 4 Aug 1998; Col Ray R. Phillips, 31 Mar 2000; Col Bradley R. Pray, Mar 2002; Col Randy A. Kee, Jul 2004; Col Henry P. Sanders; 1 Jun 2005; Col Jon T. Thomas, Jul 2007; Col John T. Budd, Jun 2009-.
 
Aircraft. A-20, 1942; A-24, 1942; A-31, 1942; DB-7, 1942; A-36, 1942-1944; P-40, 1944; P-47, 1944-1946. P (later, F)-47, 1946-1947; 1947-1950; P-51, 1947-1948; B-26, 1947-1948; F-6, 1947-1948; A-26, 1947; F-84, 1950-1953; F-86, 1953-1954, 1955-1956. F-4, 1975-1985. F-16, 1991-1994; C-135, 1992; C-12, 1992-1994; C-20, 1992-; C-21, 1992-; CT-43, 1992-1996; UH-1, 1992-1993; C-9, 1993-2001; C-130, 1994-; C-37, 2000-; C-40, 2006-.
 
Operations. Flight training at Key Field, MS, August 1942-March 1943. Sailed to North Africa in Apr and May 1943. Entered combat in early July, flying A-36s against German positions in Tunisia. Later that month, the group moved to Sicily, where it attacked German forces retreating across the island and evacuating to the southern coast of the Italian mainland. Provided air support for Allied landings at Salerno in September 1943 and later that month moved from Sicily to the beachhead area. During the winter of 1943-1944, the group supported advancing Allied forces in Italy by attacking enemy lines of communication, troop concentrations, and supply areas. Attacked rail and road targets and strafed German troop and supply columns during late spring, earning a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for outstanding action against the enemy on 25 May, 1944. In July, the group moved to the island of Corsica, from which it attacked enemy-held road and rail networks in northern Italy. Supported the Allied invasion of southern France in August, escorting bombers attacking coastal defenses. In September, moved back to Italy and began attacking transportation lines in the Po Valley. In February 1945, the group moved to France and began attacking enemy targets such as rail lines, roads, supply dumps, and airdromes in southern Germany. Moved to Germany in April. Earned a second DUC for concentrated attacks on enemy transportation targets on 20 April,1945. By May 8, the group had flown a total of 3,645 combat missions. Just after the war, the group performed occupation duty in Germany. Moved without personnel or equipment to Bolling Field in Washington, DC, in February, 1946, where it inactivated at the end of March. Activated again in Germany later that year for occupation duty. Between 1947 and 1950, took part in a series of tactical training exercises in the European theater, frequently deploying to Mediterranean bases for gunnery training and tactical air power demonstrations. In 1950, the group traded its fighter aircraft for jets but continued flying training exercises and demonstrations in Europe. Group was not operational from 22 May 1954 to 8 Oct 1955 and 10 Aug 1956 to 8 Mar 1958, when it inactivated. Between September 1975 and June 1985, the group trained and provided tactical air capability in Europe for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). After activation again in Germany in May 1991, flew fighter missions to enforce no-fly zones in northern Iraq and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Gained some airlift capability in 1992 and became strictly an airlift group in 1994, trading its F-16 fighters for C-130 transports. During the 1990s, supported peacekeeping and humanitarian airlift operations in the Balkan peninsula, Africa, and southwest Asia. Conducted airlift, airdrop, and aeromedical evacuation as well as VIP transport operations, 2000-.
 
Service Streamers. World War II American Theater.
 
Campaign Streamers. World War II: Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Anzio; Rome-Arno; Southern France; North Apennines; Rhineland; Central Europe; Air Combat, EAME Theater.
 
Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: Italy, 25 May 1944; Germany, 20 Apr 1945. Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Combat "V" Device: 15 Jan 2004-31 Oct 2005. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 31 Oct 1955-[9 Aug 1956]; 1 Jul 1981-30 Jun 1982; 1 Jul 1993-30 Jun 1995; 1 Jul 1996-30 Jun 1997; 1 Sep 1997-31 Aug 1999; 24 Mar-10 Jun 1999; 1 Jan 2000-31 Dec 2001; 1 Jan-31 Dec 2002; 1 Nov 2005-31 Dec 2006; 1 Jan-31 Dec 2007.
 
Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 7 Apr 2010.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through Apr 2010.

Supersedes statement prepared on 4 Jun 2004.

Emblem. Group will use the wing emblem with the group designation in the scroll.
 
Prepared by Patsy Robertson.
 
Reviewed by Daniel Haulman.







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