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47 OPERATIONS GROUP (AETC)

Posted 9/10/2008 Printable Fact Sheet

Lineage. Established as 47 Bombardment Group (Light) on 20 Nov 1940. Activated on 15 Jan 1941. Redesignated: 47 Bombardment Group, Light (Night Attack) on 1 May 1946; 47 Bombardment Group, Light, on 22 Aug 1948. Inactivated on 2 Oct 1949. Activated on 12 Mar 1951. Inactivated on 8 Feb 1955. Redesignated 47 Operations Group on 9 Dec 1991. Activated on 15 Dec 1991. 

Assignments. General Headquarters Air Force (later, Air Force Combat Command), 15 Jan 1941 (attached to Northwest Air District [later, Second Air Force], 15 Jan-14 Aug 1941); 15 Bombardment Wing (Light), 14 Aug 1941; IV Air Support Command, 1 Sep 1941 (attached to IV Bomber Command, 17 Dec 1941-15 Feb 1942); Second Air Force, 15 Feb 1942; III Bomber Command, 1 May 1942 (attached to III Ground Air Support Command, 29 Jun-10 Aug 1942); III Ground Air Support Command, 10 Aug 1942; XII Air Support Command, 27 Sep 1942; Moroccan Composite Wing, 31 Dec 1942; XII Air Support Command, 22 Jan 1943; Twelfth Air Force, 18 Feb 1943 (attached to Northwest African Tactical Air Force, 18 Feb-20 Mar 1943; Northwest African Tactical Bomber Force, 20 Mar-1 Sep 1943; XII Air Support Command, 1 Sep-6 Oct 1943; 57 Bombardment Wing [Medium], 6 Oct-10 Dec 1943; XII Air Support [later, XII Tactical Air] Command, 10 Dec 1943-20 Jul 1944; 87 Fighter Wing, 20 Jul-7 Sep 1944; XII Tactical Air Command, 7-15 Sep 1944; and XII Fighter Command [later, XXII Tactical Air Command], 15 Sep 1944-7 Jun 1945); I Bomber Command, 11 Jul 1945; Third Air Force, 7 Feb 1946; Tactical Air Command, 21 Mar 1946; Ninth Air Force, 29 May 1946; Twelfth Air Force, 1 Nov 1946; 47 Bombardment Wing, Light, 15 Aug 1947-2 Oct 1949. 47 Bombardment Wing, Light, 12 Mar 1951-8 Feb 1955. 47 Flying Training Wing, 15 Dec 1991-. 

Operational Components. Squadrons: 20 Reconnaissance (later, 97 Bombardment): attached 15 Jan-14 Aug 1941, assigned 14 Aug 1941-31 Mar 1946. 84 Bombardment: 15 Jan 1941-2 Oct 1949; 12 Mar 1951-8 Feb 1955 (detached 17 Nov 1952-8 Feb 1955). 84 Flying Training: 15 Dec 1991-1 Oct 1992; 1 Oct 1998-. 85 Bombardment (later, 85 Flying Training): 15 Jan 1941-2 Oct 1949; 12 Mar 1951-8 Feb 1955 (detached 17 Nov 1952-8 Feb 1955); 15 Dec 1991-. 86 Bombardment (later, 86 Flying Training): 15 Jan 1941-2 Oct 1949; 23 Mar 1954-8 Feb 1955 (detached 23 Mar 1954-8 Feb 1955); 15 Dec 1991-15 Sep 1992; 1 Dec 1993-. 87 Flying Training: 15 Dec 1991-. 115 Bombardment: attached 17 May 1951-12 Feb 1952. 422 Bombardment: 8 Feb-23 Mar 1954 (detached 8 Feb-23 Mar 1954). 434 Fighter Training: 19 Jul 2007-. 

Stations. McChord Field, WA, 15 Jan 1941; Fresno, CA, 14 Aug 1941; Will Rogers Field, OK, c. 16 Feb 1942; Greensboro, NC, c. 16 Jul-18 Oct 1942; Mediouna, French Morocco, 18 Nov 1942; Youks-les-Bains, Algeria, 7 Jan 1943; Canrobert, Algeria, 6 Mar 1943; Thelepte, Tunisia, 30 Mar 1943; Souk-el-Arba, Tunisia, 13 Apr 1943; Soliman, Tunisia, c. 1 Jul 1943; Ta Kali Airdrome, Malta, 21 Jul 1943; Torrente Comunelli, Sicily, 9 Aug 1943; Gerbini, Sicily, 20 Aug 1943; Grottaglie, Italy, 24 Sep 1943; Vicenzo Airfield, Italy, 15 Oct 1943; Vesuvius Airfield, Italy, c. 10 Jan 1944; Capodichino, Italy, 22 Mar 1944; Vesuvius Airfield, Italy, 25 Apr 1944; Ponte Galeria, Italy, c. 10 Jun 1944; Ombrone Airfield, Italy, 27 Jun 1944; Poretta Airfield, Corsica, 11 Jul 1944; Salon, France, 7 Sep 1944; Follonica, Italy, 18 Sep 1944; Rosignano Airfield, Italy, Oct 1944; Grosseto, Italy, 11 Dec 1944; Pisa, Italy, 20-24 Jun 1945; Seymour Johnson Field, NC, 14 Jul 1945; Lake Charles AAFld, LA, c. 9 Sep 1945; Biggs Field (later, AFB), TX, 20 Oct 1946; Barksdale AFB, LA, 19 Nov 1948-2 Oct 1949. Langley AFB, VA, 12 Mar 1951-21 May 1952; Sculthorpe RAF Station (later, RAF Sculthorpe), England, 1 Jun 1952-8 Feb 1955. Laughlin AFB, TX, 15 Dec 1991-. 

Commanders. Maj William A. Schulgen, 15 Jan 1941; Lt Col Hilbert M. Wittkop, 1941; Col Frederick R. Terrell, Jan 1942; Col Malcolm Green Jr., 17 May 1943; Lt Col Kenneth S. Wade, 1 Apr 1945; Lt Col Marion J. Akers, 15 Jun 1945-unkn; Col Marvin S. Zipp, 28 Aug 1945; Col Robert J. Hughey, 23 Nov 1945; Lt Col Broadus B. Taylor, 27 Aug 1946; Col Gerald E. Williams, 30 Aug 1946; Lt Col Stebbins W. Griffith, 5 Jun 1947; Lt Col Frederick E. Price, Aug 1947; Col Willis F. Chapman, 10 Oct 1947-2 Oct 1949. Col Benjamin C. Willis, 12 Mar 1951; Col David M. Jones, 17 Sep 1951; Col Galen B. Price, 20 Feb 1952-17 Nov 1952; none (not manned), 17 Nov 1952-8 Feb 1955. Col Tome H. Walters, 15 Dec 1991; Col Michael G. Lee, 29 Jan 1993; Col James A. McClure, 15 Aug 1994; Col Robertus C. N. Remkes, 12 Jun 1996; Col Lawrence A. Stutzriem, 5 Jun 1998; Col George T. Doran, 18 Jul 2000; Col Roberto J. Duran, by Jul 2001; Col Paul R. Ackerly, 30 Oct 2001; Col Steven L. Kwast, 29 Sep 2003; Lt Col Martin G. Gearhart, 4 Feb 2005; Col David E. Petersen, 6 May 2005-. 

Aircraft. Primarily B-18, but included DB-7 and LB-30, 1941-1942; A-20, 1941-1945; A-26 (later, B-26), 1945-1949; B-45, 1949. Primarily B-45, 1951-1952, but included B-26 and F-84, 1951. None (not manned), 1952-1955. T-37, 1972-2004; T-38, 1972-; T-1, 1993-; T-6, 2002-. 

Operations. Trained crews for bombardment operations, Jan-Dec 1941. Patrolled the coast searching for enemy submarines after the Japanese attack on Hawaii on 7 Dec. Between Jan and Oct 1942, trained crews for overseas duty. All of the group's World War II combat operations occurred in the Mediterranean Theater, where it flew close air support and interdiction missions. Between Dec 1942 and May 1943, flew low-level missions in North Africa. When Axis forces broke through at Kasserine Pass in Feb 1943, the group flew eleven missions in one day against advancing enemy armored columns, earning a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC). During the next two months, it trained for medium-level bombardment missions. In Jun 1943, the group took part in the reduction of Pantelleria and Lampedusa islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and the next month it supported the Allied invasion of Sicily. In Aug it bombed German evacuation beaches near Messina, and in Sep the group supported the British Eighth Army as it invaded the Italian mainland. From Sep 1943 through Jun 1944, the group supported the Allied advance on Rome. After Jun 1944, it also flew numerous night intruder missions. Supported the invasion of southern France in Aug. From Sep 1944 through Apr 1945, the group attacked German communications in northern Italy. It earned a second DUC for 60 consecutive hours of operation against enemy transportation targets in the Po Valley to prevent the organized withdrawal of German forces in Apr. After returning to the United States in Jul 1945, trained in a series of maneuvers for light bombardment operations until inactivation in Oct 1949. Between Mar 1951 and Jun 1952, trained for night tactical operations. A few months after moving to England that year, the group ceased operations and remained a paper organization until inactivation again in 1955. Trained USAF and Allied pilots after activation in Dec 1991, using various types of trainer aircraft. 

Service Streamers. None. 

Campaign Streamers. World War II: Antisubmarine, American Theater; Air Combat, EAME Theater; Algeria-French Morocco; Tunisia; Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Anzio; Rome-Arno; North Apennines; Po Valley; Southern France. 

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None. 

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: North Africa, 22 Feb 1943; Po Valley, 21-24 Apr 1945. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: [15 Dec] 1991-30 Jun 1993; 1 Jul 1997-30 Jun 1999; 1 Sep 2003-30 Jun 2005; 1 Jul 2005-30 Jun 2007. 

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 19 Aug 2008. 

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through 31 Dec 2006.
 
Supersedes statement prepared on 9 Jun 2005. 

Emblem. Group will use the wing emblem with the group designation in the scroll. 

Prepared by Carl E. Bailey.
 
Reviewed by Daniel L. Haulman.







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