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9 OPERATIONS GROUP (ACC)

Posted 11/5/2007 Printable Fact Sheet
 
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9 Reconnaissance Wing Emblem
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Lineage. Established as 9 Group (Observation) on 19 Jul 1922. Organized on 1 Aug 1922. Redesignated: 9 Observation Group on 25 Jan 1923; 9 Bombardment Group on 1 Mar 1935; 9 Bombardment Group (Medium) on 6 Dec 1939; 9 Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 20 Nov 1940; 9 Bombardment Group, Very Heavy, on 28 Mar 1944. Inactivated on 20 Oct 1948. Redesignated 9 Strategic Reconnaissance Group, and activated, on 1 May 1949. Redesignated: 9 Bombardment Group, Heavy, on 1 Apr 1950; 9 Bombardment Group, Medium, on 2 Oct 1950. Inactivated on 16 Jun 1952. Redesignated: 9 Strategic Reconnaissance Group on 31 Jul 1985; 9 Operations Group on 29 Aug 1991. Activated on 1 Sep 1991.

Assignments. II Corps Area, 1 Aug 1922; 19 Composite Wing, 1 Apr 1931; II Corps Area, c. 25 Jan 1933; 2 Wing, 1 Mar 1935; 19 Bombardment Wing, 12 Nov 1940; VI Bomber Command, 25 Oct 1941 (attached to VI Interceptor [later, VI Fighter] Command, 28 Jan 1942-unkn 1942); AAF School of Applied Tactics (later, AAF Tactical Center), 31 Oct 1942; Second Air Force, 9 Mar 1944; 313 Bombardment Wing, Very Heavy, c. 28 Dec 1944; Twentieth Air Force, 9 Jun 1947-20 Oct 1948. 9 Strategic Reconnaissance (later, 9 Bombardment) Wing, 1 May 1949-16 Jun 1952. 9 (later, 9 Reconnaissance) Wing, 1 Sep 1991-.

Components. Squadrons. 1 (later, 1 Observation; 1 Bombardment; 1 Strategic Reconnaissance; 1 Bombardment; 1 Reconnaissance): assigned 1 Aug 1922, attached 24 Mar 1923, assigned 15 Feb 1929-10 Oct 1948 (not operational, 15 Mar-30 Apr 1946, and Apr 1947-10 Oct 1948); assigned 1 Jun 1949-16 Jun 1952 (detached 10 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952); assigned 1 Sep 1991-. 5 (later, 5 Observation; 5 Bombardment; 5 Strategic Reconnaissance; 5 Bombardment; 5 Reconnaissance): assigned 1 Aug 1922, attached 24 Mar 1923, assigned 15 Feb 1929-20 Oct 1948 (not operational 16 May-c. 16 Sep 1946 and Apr 1947-10 Oct 1948); assigned 1 May 1949-16 Jun 1952 (detached 10 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952); assigned 1 Oct 1994-. 9 Air Refueling: 1 Aug 1951-16 Jun 1952 (detached entire period). 12 Reconnaissance: 8 Nov 2001-. 14 Bombardment: attached 1 Mar 1935-c. 8 May 1936. 18 Reconnaissance: attached 1 Sep 1936-c. Sep 1940; 3 Apr 2006-. 44 Reconnaissance (later, 430 Bombardment): attached 20 Nov 1940, assigned 25 Feb 1942-10 May 1944 (not operational Nov 1942-Mar 1943). 59 Bombardment: attached 6 Jan 1941-21 Jul 1942. 99 Observation (later, 99 Bombardment; 99 Strategic Reconnaissance; 99 Bombardment; 99 Reconnaissance): attached 9 Nov 1928, assigned 15 Feb 1929-20 Oct 1948 (not operational Nov 1942-Feb 1943, c. 15 Mar-27 Sep 1946, and Apr 1947-20 Oct 1948); assigned 1 May 1949-16 Jun 1952 (not operational 1-31 May 1949; detached 5 Aug-23 Sep 1950 and 10 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952); assigned 1 Sep 1991-. 349 Air Refueling: 1 Sep 1991-1 Jun 1992. 350 Air Refueling: 1 Sep 1991-1 Oct 1993.

Stations. Mitchel Field, NY, 1 Aug 1922-6 Nov 1940; Rio Hato, Panama, 12 Nov 1940; Waller Field, Trinidad, 30 Oct 1941-31 Oct 1942; Orlando AB, FL, 31 Oct 1942; Dalhart AAFld, TX, 9 Mar 1944; McCook AAFld, NE, 19 May-18 Nov 1944; North Field, Tinian, 28 Dec 1944; Clark Field, Luzon, 15 Apr 1946; Harmon Field, Guam, 9 Jun 1947-20 Oct 1948. Fairfield-Suisun (later, Travis) AFB, CA, 1 May 1949-16 Jun 1952. Beale AFB, CA, 1 Sep 1991-.

Commanders. Unkn, 1922-1929; Maj William O. Ryan, 1929-unkn; Col Follett Bradley, Jun 1933-May 1934; Col Walter H. Frank, 1934-1936; Lt Col Carl W. Connell, 1 Sep 1936; Col Ross F. Cole, Apr 1940; Maj Charles F. Born, Aug 1941; Lt Col Stuart P. Wright, Jan 1942; Lt Col Gerald E. Williams, 1942; Col Harry G. Montgomery, 10 Nov 1942; Col James T. Connally, 15 Dec 1942; Col Donald W. Eisenhart, 1 May 1944; Col Henry C. Huglin, 6 Mar 1945; Col David Wade, 17 Sep 1945-c. 25 Apr 1947; none (not manned), 25 Apr 1947-20 Oct 1948. Lt Col Walter Y. Lucas, 1 May 1949; Col Donald W. Eisenhart, 24 Aug 1949; Col William P Brett, 27 Mar 1950; Lt Col Walter Y. Lucas, 24 Jun 1950; Col Clifford J. Heflin, 6 Jul 1950-10 Feb 1951; none (not manned), 10 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952. Col Robert F. Behler, 22 Nov 1991; Col George A. Lafferty, 30 Jul 1993; Col James F. Shambo, 3 Jan 1995; Col James P. Hunt, 3 Sep 1996; Col R. Kent Traylor, 25 Jun 1998; Col Alan L. Vogel, 23 Aug 2000; Col Gregory D. Augst, 16 Jul 2002; Col Gregory A. Kern, 8 Jun 2004; Col Harry D. Polumbo, 15 May 2006-.

Aircraft. Flew O-1, O-11, O-13, O-25, O-31, O-38, O-39, O-40, O-43, YO-31, YO-35, YO-40, OA-2, A-3, B-6, C-8,1922-1936; B-10, 1936-1938; B-18, 1938-1942; B-17, 1942-1944; B-24, 1942-1944; B-25, 1943-1944; B-26, 1943-1944; C-73, 1943-1944; B-29, 1944-1947. RB-17, 1949-1950; B-29, 1949-1951; RB-29, 1949-1950; B-36, 1949-1950. KC-135, 1991-1993; U-2, 1991-; T-38, 1991-; TR-1, 1991-1993; SR-71, 1995-1999; RQ-4, 2002-.

Operations. Trained, took part in maneuvers, and participated in air shows, 1922-1940. Performed antisubmarine patrols and reconnaissance of the Vichy French fleet at Martinique, Dec 1941-Oct 1942, using B-18 aircraft from a base in Trinidad. Returned without personnel or equipment to the United States on 31 Oct 1942. The group trained cadres for heavy and medium bombardment units that had received ground instruction at the AAF School of Applied Tactics in Orlando, Florida. Developed operational bombardment tactics and tested special devices and equipment. After Mar 1944, prepared for combat. Moved to the Pacific theater at the end of the year and commenced operations late in Jan 1945 with attacks against Japanese-held Maug Island in the northern Marianas. After that, struck targets in Japan, at first flying high-altitude daylight missions against industrial targets. In Mar 1945, began incendiary raids at night. Earned a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for bombing the industrial area of Kawasaki in Apr 1945. In Apr and May, assisted the Allied assault on Okinawa by striking airfields that the Japanese were using to launch aircraft against the invasion force. Dropped mines in Japan's Inland Sea to disrupt enemy shipping, earning a second DUC in May 1945. Immediately after the war, dropped food and supplies to former Allied prisoners and took part in show-of-force missions over the Japanese home islands. After redesignation as a strategic reconnaissance group on 1 May 1949, flew missions from California, 1949-1950. Resumed a strategic bombardment mission in Apr 1950, training until Feb 1951. Since Sep 1991, conducted global high-altitude manned aerial reconnaissance and surveillance missions, using primarily U-2 aircraft. No other USAF group has flown the U-2 since turn of 21st century. During U.S. military operations in Afghanistan in late 2001 and Iraq in early 2003, the group also flew the unmanned RQ-4 Global Hawk aircraft. Served as DOD's sole manager for U-2 high-altitude reconnaissance assets, 2000-.

Service Streamers. None.

Campaign Streamers. World War II: Antisubmarine, American Theater; Eastern Mandates; Western Pacific; Air Offensive, Japan

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: Kawasaki, Japan, 15-16 Apr 1945; Japan, 13-28 May 1945. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Sep 1991-30 Jun 1993; 1 Jul 1994-30 Jun 1995; 1 Jun 1996-31 May 1998; 1 Jun 1998-31 May 2000; 1 Jun 2000-31 May 2002; 1 Jun 2002-31 May 2004.

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 4 Apr 2007.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through 4 Apr 2007.

Supersedes statement prepared on 13 Sep 2004.
 
Emblem. Group will use the wing emblem with the group designation in the scroll. 

Prepared by Patsy Robertson. 

Reviewed by Daniel Haulman.







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