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435 AIR GROUND OPERATIONS WING (USAFE)

Posted 8/26/2009 Printable Fact Sheet
 
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435 Air Ground Operations Wing Emblem
In accordance with Chapter 3 of AFI 84-105, commercial reproduction of this emblem is NOT permitted without the permission of the proponent organizational/unit commander.
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Lineage. Established as 435 Troop Carrier Wing, Medium on 10 May 1949. Activated in the Reserve on 26 Jun 1949. Ordered to Active Service on 1 Mar 1951. Inactivated on 1 Dec 1952. Activated in the Reserve on 1 Dec 1952. Redesignated as 435 Troop Carrier Wing, Heavy on 18 Sep 1961. Ordered to Active Service on 1 Oct 1961. Relieved from Active Duty on 27 Aug 1962. Redesignated as 435 Troop Carrier Wing, Medium on 1 Jul 1963. Discontinued, and inactivated, on 1 Dec 1965. Redesignated as 435 Military Airlift Support Wing on 25 Nov 1968. Activated on 24 Dec 1968. Redesignated as: 435 Tactical Airlift Wing on 1 Jul 1975; 435 Airlift Wing on 1 Apr 1992. Inactivated on 1 Apr 1995. Redesignated as 435 Air Expeditionary Wing, and converted to provisional status, on 5 Feb 2001. Returned to permanent status on 10 Dec 2003. Redesignated as 435 Air Base Wing on 15 Dec 2003. Activated on 15 Jan 2004. Redesignated as 435 Air Ground Operations Wing on 16 Jul 2009.
 
Assignments. Fourteenth Air Force, 26 Jul 1949; Tactical Air Command, 2 Mar 1951; Eighteenth Air Force, 1 Jun 1951-1 Dec 1952. Fourteenth Air Force, 1 Dec 1952; Third Air Force Reserve Region, 15 Jul 1960; Ninth Air Force, 1 Oct 1961; Third Air Force Reserve Region, 27 Aug 1962-1 Dec 1965. Twenty-First Air Force, 24 Dec 1968; 322 Airlift Division, 23 Jun 1978; United States Air Forces in Europe, 1 Apr 1992; Seventeenth Air Force, 1 Feb 1993-1 Apr 1995. Third Air Force, 15 Jan 2004; United States Air Forces in Europe, 1 Nov 2005; Air Command Europe, 18 Nov 2005; Third Air Force (Air Forces Europe), 1 Dec 2006-.
 
Operational Components. Groups. 435 Troop Carrier (later, 435 Tactical Airlift; 435 Operations): 26 Jun 1949-1 Dec 1952; 1 Dec 1952-14 Apr 1959; 1 Jul 1975-23 Jun 1978; 15 Sep 1978-1 Jun 1980; 1 Apr 1992-1 Apr 1995. 908 Troop Carrier: 18 Mar 1963-1 Dec 1965. 915 Troop Carrier: 17 Jan 1963-1 Dec 1965. 916 Troop Carrier: 17 Jan-18 Mar 1963. 917 Troop Carrier: 17 Jan-1 Jul 1963. Squadrons. 37 Tactical Airlift (later, 37 Airlift): 1 Oct 1977-15 Dec 1978; 1 Jun 1980-1 Apr 1992. 55 Aeromedical Airlift: 31 Mar 1975-15 Dec 1978; 1 Jun 1980-1 Apr 1992. 58 Military Airlift: 1 Sep 1977-23 Jun 1978. 76 Troop Carrier: 14 Apr 1959-1 Oct 1961; 27 Aug 1962-17 Jan 1963. 77 Troop Carrier: 14 Apr 1959-17 Jan 1963. 78 Troop Carrier: 8 May 1959-17 Jan 1963. Detachment. 1 (Chievres, Belgium): 1 Jul 1984-1 Apr 1992.
 
Stations. Miami Intl Aprt, FL, 26 Jun 1949-1 Dec 1952. Miami Intl Aprt, FL, 1 Dec 1952; Homestead AFB, FL, 25 Jul 1960-1 Dec 1965. High Wycombe AS, England, 24 Dec 1968; Rhein-Main AB, Germany, 1 Jul 1969-1 Apr 1995. Ramstein AB, Germany, 15 Jan 2004-.
 
Commanders. Col Laurence B. Hickam, 1949; Col Maurice F. Casey, by May 1950; Col James L. Daniel Jr., 19 Dec 1951; Maj William J. Frazier Jr., 24 Oct-1 Dec 1952. Unkn, 1 Dec 1952-Mar 1953; Lt Col William Niederhofer, by Apr 1953; Lt Col John R. Pountnay, 1953; Lt Col William C. Wilson, 1 Dec 1953; Col John R. Pountnay, by Aug 1955; Lt Col Robert C. Hutton, by Dec 1957; Col Forrest R. Harsh, Feb 1959; Lt Col Clifford C. Root, 11 Dec 1963; Col Ben J. Mangina, 1 Apr 1964; Col Clifford C. Root, Jul-1 Dec 1965. Brig Gen Hugh E. Wild, 24 Dec 1968; Col Michael F. Robinson, 7 Jan 1970; Col Alden G. Glauch, 1 Apr 1970; Col E. Scott Minnich, 20 Mar 1971; Col John D. Hollowell, 20 Jan 1973; Brig Gen Theodore P. Crichton, 1 Jul 1975; Col Robert D. Springer, 23 Jun 1978; Col John D. Sims, 30 Jun 1980; Col Frank J. Kelly Jr., 7 May 1982; Col Ernest C. Peirolo, 14 Oct 1983; Col Ronnie C. Peoples, 19 Apr 1985; Col Bruce L. Fister, 6 Sep 1985; Col David O. Williams, 4 May 1988; Col John W. Handy, 26 May 1989; Col Thomas R. Mikolajcik, 7 May 1990; Col Donald A. Streater, 23 Jul 1991; Maj Gen James L. Hobson Jr., 1 Apr 1992; Brig Gen Donald E. Loranger Jr., 18 Dec 1992; Col Edward F. McPhillips Jr., 16 May 1994; Col Donald A. Philpitt, 2 Dec 1994-1 Apr 1995. Brig Gen Rosanne Bailey, 15 Jan 2004; Col Kurtis D. Lohide, 13 Jan 2005; Col Earl D. Matthews, 18 Apr 2007; Col Douglas K. Tucker, 2 May 2008; Col Donald J. Bacon, 1 Jul 2008; Col Thomas F, Gould, 5 Jul 2009-.
 
Aircraft. T-6, 1949-1951; T-7, 1949-1951; T-11, 1949-1951; C-46, 1949-1951; C-119, 1951-1952. C-46, 1952-1957; C-119, 1957-1965; C-124, 1961-1963. C-130, 1975-1994; C-9, 1975-1993; VC-135, 1977-1978; VC-140, 1977-1978; C-12, 1978; CT-39, 1978; C-141, 1994. None, 2004-.
 
Operations. Trained in the Reserve as a troop carrier wing from Jul 1949 to Feb 1951, and again from Dec 1952-Dec 1958. From Mar 1951 to Dec 1952, the wing served on active duty with Tactical Air Command and trained C-46 aircrews for assignment to the Far East. The 435 Troop Carrier Wing (TCW) was replaced by the 456 TCW in Dec 1952 and itself replaced the 482 TCW as the Miami-based Reserve wing. By 1956, the wing was capable of flying overseas missions, particularly in the Caribbean area to Central America. Two squadrons converted to C-124s in 1961 just before being ordered to active service. After training to become combat ready, participated in worldwide airlift and tactical exercises. Returned to reserve status in Aug 1962 and regained its C-119 squadron that had not been on active duty. Switched completely to C-119s in 1963. Inactivated in 1965. From Dec 1968 to Jul 1975, served as a support wing of Military Airlift Command, providing deployed airlift control elements and aircraft maintenance at aerial ports in portions of Europe, the Middle East, Southwest Asia, and Africa. Combined with a tactical wing in Jul 1975 and, while continuing to function as a tactical and support wing, gained the mission of aeromedical evacuation in Europe and the Middle East. Provided airlift support for EUCOM/Hq USAFE, from Mar 1977 until Jun 1978. Provided airlift for the theater, first with rotational C-130 forces until early 1978, afterward with an assigned airlift squadron. Participated in joint and combined paratroop training and exercises, as well all manner of theater humanitarian airlift, including relief for natural disasters, evacuation of civilians from hostile situations, and aeromedical evacuation from combat areas. Had host responsibilities for Rhein-Main AB, beginning Jul 1975, which included operating the busiest U.S. air terminal in Europe and supporting CONUS-based strategic airlift transiting Rhein-Main AB. The 37 Tactical Airlift Squadron (TAS) plus additional wing personnel deployed to Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, from mid-Aug 1990 to late Mar 1991, to provide airlift during the Persian Gulf War. On 1 Apr 1992, the wing and Rhein-Main AB returned to USAFE control; a MAC airlift support group activated to take over operation of the air terminal and support transiting strategic aircraft. From Jul 1992 through Sep 1994, the wing controlled the massive airlift effort (Operation Provide Promise) to provide airland and airdrop humanitarian airlift to war-torn areas of the former Yugoslavia. In Feb 1994, began returning portions of Rhein-Main AB to German control; drawdown continued until wing inactivated effective 1 Apr 1995. Converted to a provisional expeditionary wing, Feb 2001-Dec 2003, but never activated. Assumed host wing responsibility for Ramstein AB, Germany, 15 Jan 2004-16 Jul 2009 and performed the air base wing mission for the Kaiserslautern Military Community. The Jul 2009 redesignation converted the wing from an air base support mission to a theater-wide, expeditionary operations and support mission that focuses on contingency response and air-ground operations.
 
Service Streamers. None.
 
Campaign Streamers. None.
 
Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.
 
Decorations. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Jul 1972-30 Jun 1974; 1 Jul 1978-30 Jun 1980; 1 Jul 1981-30 Jun 1983; 1 Jul 1983-30 Jun 1985; 1 Jul 1985-30 Jun 1987; 1 Jul 1987-30 Jun 1989; 1 Jul 1989-30 Jun 1991; 2 Aug 1990-31 Mar 1991; 1 Jul 1991-30 Jun 1993; 1 Jul 1993-31 Mar 1995; [15] Jan 2004-31 Oct 2005; 1 Dec 2005-30 Nov 2007.
 
Bestowed Honors. Authorized to display the honors earned by the 435 Operations Group prior to 26 Jun 1949. Service Streamers. None. Campaign Streamers. World War II: Normandy; Rome-Arno; Northern France; Southern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe. Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citation: France, [6-7] Jun 1944.
 
Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 17 Jul 2009.
 
Commanders through 5 Jul 2009, Aircraft, and Operations through Jul 2009.
 
Supersedes statement prepared on 15 Jan 2004.
 
Emblem. Approved on 4 May 2004.
 
Prepared by Patsy Robertson.
 
Reviewed by Daniel Haulman.







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