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2 SPECIAL OPERATIONS SQUADRON (AFRC)

Posted 4/3/2009 Printable Fact Sheet

Lineage. Organized as Company B, 2 Balloon Squadron on 25 Sep 1917. Redesignated: 2 Balloon Company on 19 Jun 1918; Balloon School Detachment on 30 Aug 1921. Demobilized on 15 Aug 1922. Reconstituted, and consolidated (6 Aug 1930) with 2 Balloon Company which was constituted on 18 Oct 1927. Activated on 20 May 1930. Redesignated as 2 Balloon Squadron on 1 Oct 1933. Disbanded on 3 Feb 1942. Reconstituted, and consolidated (19 Sep 1985) with 2 Strategic Support Squadron which was constituted on 31 Dec 1948. Activated on 14 Jan 1949. Discontinued, and inactivated on 15 Jun 1961. Redesignated: 2 Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron on 19 Sep 1985; 2 Special Operations Squadron on 11 Feb 2009. Activated on 1 Mar 2009. 

Assignments. Unkn, 25 Sep 1917-Jul 1918; Balloon Wing (later, Balloon Group), I Army Corps, Jul 1918; Balloon Group, IV Army Corps, 20 Nov 1918; Balloon Group, VII Army Corps, 27 Apr-11 May 1919; unkn, May-Aug 1919; Balloon School (later, Air Service Balloon Observers School), Ross Field, CA, Aug 1919-15 Aug 1922. Sixth Corps Area, 20 May 1930; First Army, 30 Dec 1940; I Air Support Command, 1 Sep 1941-3 Feb 1942. Eighth Air Force, 14 Jan 1949 (attached to 97 Bombardment Wing, 14 Jan 1949-18 Apr 1950; 509 Bombardment Wing, 18 Apr 1950-16 May 1951); Fifteenth Air Force, 16 May 1951; Second Air Force 1 Sep 1956; Eighth Air Force, 1 Jan 1959; 321 Bombardment Wing, 1 Sep 1959-15 Jun 1961. 919 Operations Group, 1 Mar 2009-. 

Stations. Ft Omaha, NE, 25 Sep 1917; Garden City, NY, 30 Nov-7 Dec 1917; Camp de Coetquidan, Morbihan, France, 3 Jan 1918; Camp de l'Ermitage (near Menil-la-Tour), France, 26 Feb 1918; Villiers-sur-Marne, Aisne, France, 30 Jun 1918; La Goneterie Ferme (near Bouresches), France, 22 Jul 1918; Trugny (near Epieds), France, 25 Jul 1918; Beuvardes, France, 28 Jul 1918; Seringes-et-Nesles, France, 3 Aug 1918; Chery-Chartreuve, France, 4 Aug 1918; Courcelles-sur-Vesle, France, 12 Aug 1918; La Queue de Theinard (near Domevre-en-Haye), France, 23 Aug 1918; Bois de Remenauvaux (near Griscourt), France, 29 Aug 1918; Bois de la Lampe (near Mamey), France, 12 Sep 1918; St Pierre Ferme (near Fey-en-Haye), France, 15 Sep 1918; Locheres, France, 22 Sep 1918; Varennes-en-Argonne, France, 28 Sep 1918; Cheppy, France, 2 Oct 1918; Charpentry, France, 10 Oct 1918; Apremont, France, 15 Oct 1918; Chatel-Chehery, France, 25 Oct 1918; Sommerance, France, 2 Nov 1918; St Juvin, France, 3 Nov 1918; Buzancy, France, 4 Nov 1918; Sommauthe, France, 6 Nov 1918; Authe, France, 7 Nov 1918; Les Petites, Armoises, France, 8 Nov 1918; Auzeville-en-Argonne, France, 11 Nov 1918; Mercy-le-Haut, France, 21 Nov 1918; Euren, Germany, 8 Dec 1918; Colombey-les-Belles, France, c. 20 May 1919-unkn; Mitchel Field, NY, c. 23 Jun 1919; Ross Field, CA, Aug 1919; Scott Field, IL, 3 Jul-15 Aug 1922. Scott Field, IL, 20 May 1930; Ft Bragg, NC, 19 Jun 1930; Pope Field, NC, 1933-3 Feb 1942. Biggs AFB, TX, 14 Jan 1949; Walker AFB, NM, 18 Apr 1950; Castle AFB, CA, 16 May 1951; Pinecastle (later, McCoy) AFB, FL, 1 Sep 1956-15 Jun 1961. Nellis AFB, NV, 1 Mar 2009-. 

Commanders. None (unmanned), 25 Sep-20 Oct 1917; Maj M. C. Fleischmann, 21 Oct 1917; 1 Lt Allan P. McFarland, 9 Jan 1918; Lt I. W. Koenig, 12 Aug-Nov 1918; unkn, Nov 1918-Aug 1922. Unkn, 20 May 1930-3 Feb 1942. Maj Ellsworth A. Powell, 14 Jan 1949; Col Avery J. Ladd, 24 Mar 1950; Lt Col James T. Brothers, c. 1 Aug 1952; Lt Col Russell Cassity, Jan 1955; Lt Col Vernon Q. Mullin, 1 Nov 1955; Maj Leo H. Flowers, 9 Feb-15 Jun 1961. 

Aircraft. Type R Observation Balloon, 1918-1919; C-3 Observation Balloon, 1930-1939; A-6 and A-7 Spherical Balloons, 1930-1942; C-6 Observation Balloon, 1938-c. 1941. C-54, 1949-1951; C-124, 1950-1961. 

Operations. Organized in Sep 1917; went overseas to France in Dec 1917. Served as the first American balloon unit on the battle front, Feb 1918. Served in occupation forces in Germany, Dec 1918-May 1919. Returned to the US in Jun 1919; involved in balloon training until demobilized in Aug 1922. Trained with troops in North Carolina, May 1930-Feb 1942. After activation again in 1949; provided airlift support and transported fissionable materials and nuclear weapons components. In the 1950s, provided airlift support for several nuclear tests. 

Service Streamers. None. 

Campaign Streamers. World War I: Champagne-Marne; Aisne-Marne; St Mihiel; Meuse-Argonne. 

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None. 

Decorations. None. 

Lineage, Assignments, Stations, and Honors through 11 Mar 2009. 

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through 15 Jun 1961. 

Supersedes statement prepared on 19 Sep 1986. 

Emblem. Approved on 26 Feb 1951. Squadron should modify emblem to meet the standards of AFI 84-105, Chapter 3. 

Prepared by Patsy Robertson. 

Reviewed by Daniel Haulman.







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