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85 TEST AND EVALUATION SQUADRON

Posted 2/20/2015 Printable Fact Sheet
 
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85 Test and Evaluation Squadron Emblem
In accordance with Chapter 3 of AFI 84-105, commercial reproduction of this emblem is NOT permitted without the permission of the proponent organizational/unit commander.
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Lineage.   Constituted as 85 Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 13 Jan 1942.  Activated on 9 Feb 1942.   Redesignated as: 85 Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) (Twin Engine) on 31 Jan 1942; 85 Fighter Squadron (Twin Engine) on 15 May 1942; 85 Fighter Squadron on 10 Sep 1942;
85 Fighter Squadron, Single Engine, on 21 Aug 1944.  Inactivated on 15 Jul 1947.  Redesignated as 85 Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 11 Sep 1952.  Activated on 1 Nov 1952.  Inactivated on 1 Jul 1959.  Consolidated (15 Dec 1991) with the 4485 Test Squadron, which was designated, and activated, on 12 Apr 1971.  Redesignated as 85 Test and Evaluation Squadron on 1 Dec 1991.

Assignments. 79 Pursuit (later, 79 Fighter) Group, 9 Feb 1942-15 Jul 1947.  33 Air Division, 1 Nov 1952; 20 Air Division, 1 Mar 1956-1 Jul 1959.  USAF Tactical Air Warfare Center, 12 Apr 1971; 4443 (later, 79) Test and Evaluation Group, 1 Aug 1988; 53 Test and Evaluation Group, 20 Nov 1998-.

Stations.  Dale Mabry Field, FL, 9 Feb 1942; Morris Field, NC, 1 May 1942; East Boston Aprt, MA, 23 Jun 1942; Bedford, MA, 1 Jul-28 Sep 1942; Egypt, 12 Nov 1942; Libya, 24 Jan 1943; Tunisia, 13 Mar 1943; Malta, c. 6 Jul 1943; Sicily, 18 Jul 1943; Southern Italy, 15 Sep 1943; Salsola, Italy, 5 Oct 1943; Madna Airfield, Italy, c. 19 Nov 1943; Capodichino, Italy, 16 Jan 1944; Pomigliano, Italy, 30 Apr 1944; Corsica, c. 11 Jun 1944; Southern France, c. 22 Aug 1944; Iesi, Italy, c. 5 Oct 1944; Fano, Italy, 5 Dec 1944; Cesenatico, Italy, 24 Mar 1945; Horsching, Austria, 26 Jul 1945-25 Jun 1947; Langley Field, VA, 25 Jun-15 Jul 1947.  Scott AFB, IL, 1 Nov 1952-1 Jul 1959.  Eglin AFB, FL, 12 Apr 1971-.

Aircraft.  P-40, 1942-1944; P-47, 1944-1947. F-51, 1952-1953; F-86, 1953-1959.  Tested aircraft and weapon systems of a wide variety of aircraft, including the F-4, RF-4, F-15, F-16, and A-10, 1971-.

Operations. Combat in Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO), 14 Mar 1943-7 May 1945. Air defense in the US, 1952-1959.  Conducted operational test and evaluation, tactics development, and programs for a variety of aircraft, 1971-.

Service Streamers.  None.

Campaign Streamers. World War II:   Egypt-Libya; Tunisia; Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Anzio; Rhineland; Rome-Arno; Southern France; North Apennines; Po Valley; Air Combat, EAME Theater.

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers.  None.

Decorations.  Distinguished Unit Citations: North Africa and Sicily, Mar-17 Aug 1943; Italy, 16-20 Apr 1945. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Jan 1984-31 May 1985; 1 Jun 2002-31 May 2004; 1 Jun 2004-31 May 2006.

Lineage, Assignments, Stations, Honors, Aircraft and Operations through 9 May 2013.

Supersedes published information contained in: Judy G. Endicott (ed.), USAF Active Flying, Space, and Missile Squadrons as of 1 October 1995 (Washington: USGPO, 1999).

Emblem.   Approved on 8 Aug 1984; latest modification approved on 26 May 1987.

Prepared by Patsy Robertson.

Reviewed by Daniel Haulman.







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