Air Force Historical Research Agency   Right Corner Banner
Join the Air Force

Home > Fact Sheets > Twentieth Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) (AFGSC)

TWENTIETH AIR FORCE (AIR FORCES STRATEGIC) (AFGSC)

Posted 6/20/2011 Printable Fact Sheet
 
Photos 
Twentieth Air Force Emblem
In accordance with Chapter 3 of AFI 84-105, commercial reproduction of this emblem is NOT permitted without the permission of the proponent organizational/unit commander.
Download HiRes

Lineage. Established as Twentieth Air Force and activated on 4 Apr 1944. Inactivated on 1 Mar 1955. Activated on 1 Sep 1991. Redesignated as Twentieth Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) on 1 Dec 2009.

Assignments. Army Air Forces, 4 Apr 1944; United States Army Strategic Air Forces, 16 Jul 1945; Pacific Air Command, United States Army (later Far East Air Forces), 6 Dec 1945-1 Mar 1955. Strategic Air Command, 1 Sep 1991; Air Combat Command, 1 Jun 1992; Air Force Space Command, 1 Jul 1993; Air Force Global Strike Command, 1 Dec 2009-.

Major Components. Commands: VII Fighter, 5 Aug 1945-c. Aug 1946. XX Bomber, 19 Apr 1944-18 Jul 1945. XXI Bomber, 9 Nov 1944-18 Jul 1945. Wings: 18 Fighter-Bomber, 10 Nov 1954-31 Jan 1955. 19 Bombardment, 17 Aug 1948-16 May 1949, 17 Oct 1949-11 Jun 1954 (detached 1 Jun 1953-c. 28 May 1954). 23 Fighter, 16 Aug 1948-25 Apr 1949. 44 Missile, 1 Sep 1991-5 Jul 1994. 51 Fighter, 16 May 1949-1 Mar 1955 (detached 25 Sep-12 Oct 1950). 58 Bombardment, 29 Jun-12 Oct 1944; 1 Feb-15 Nov 1945. 73 Bombardment, c. 6 Aug-9 Nov 1944. 90 Missile (later, 90 Space), 1 Sep 1991-. 91 Missile (later, 91 Missile Group; 91 Missile Wing; 91 Space Wing, 91 Missile Wing); 1 Sep 1991-. 98 Bombardment (Attached 18 Jun-25 Jul 1954). 301 Fighter, 21 May 1945-14 Aug 1945 (detached 21 May 1945-14 Aug 1945). 307 Bombardment (Attached 18 Jun-19 Nov 1954). 310 Training and Test, 1 Sep 1991-1 Jul 1993. 313 Bombardment, 16 Jul 1945-13 Mar 1946. 314 Bombardment, 16 Jul 1945-15 May 1946. 315 Bombardment, 16 Jul 1945-30 May 1946. 321 Missile (later, 321 Missile Group), 1 Sep 1991-2 Jul 1998. 341 Missile (later, 341 Space), 1 Sep 1991-. 351 Missile, 1 Sep 1991-31 Jul 1995. 374 Troop Carrier, (Attached 17 Aug 1948-5 Mar 1949).

Stations. Washington, DC, 4 Apr 1944; Harmon Field (later Harmon AFB), Guam, 16 Jul 1945; Kadena AFB (later Kadena AB), Okinawa, 16 May 1949-1 Mar 1955. Vandenberg AFB, CA, 1 Sep 1991; Francis E. Warren AFB, WY, 1 Oct 1993-.

Commanders. Gen of the Army Henry H. (Hap) Arnold, 6 Apr 1944; Maj Gen Curtis E. LeMay, 16 Jul 1945; Lt Gen Nathan F. Twining, 2 Aug 1945; Maj Gen James E. Parker, 15 Oct 1945; Brig Gen Frederick M. Hopkins Jr., 19 Mar 1946; Maj Gen Francis H. Griswold, 10 Sep 1946; Maj Gen Alvin C. Kincaid, 8 Sep 1948; Maj Gen Ralph F. Stearley, 31 Jul 1950; Maj Gen Fay R. Upthegrove, 8 Feb 1953-1 Mar 1955. Brig Gen Thomas E. Kuenning Jr., 1 Sep 1991; Lt Gen Arlen D. Jameson, 1 Jul 1992; Maj Gen Robert W. Parker, 22 Jun 1994; Maj Gen Donald G. Cook, 17 Jun 1996; Maj Gen Thomas H. Neary, 4 Sep 1998; Maj Gen Timothy J. McMahon, 19 Jul 2000; Lt Gen Frank G. Klotz, 30 May 2003; Lt Gen Thomas F. Deppe, 14 Oct 2005; Maj Gen Roger W. Burg, 10 Aug 2007; Maj Gen C. Donald Alston, 1 Jul 2010-.

Operations. After the activation of Twentieth Air Force in Apr 1944, some combat units moved from the United States to India and onto forward bases in China by summer to conduct heavy bombardment operations with B-29 Superfortresses against targets in Japan, Formosa, Thailand, and Burma during Operation MATTERHORN. Other combat elements moved in late 1944 from the United States to the Marianas, where they were joined in early 1945 by the elements that had been in India and China. Headquarters, Twentieth Air Force moved to Guam on 16 Jul 1945. From Guam, Saipan, and Tinian, the Twentieth conducted a strategic air offensive against Japan, climaxed by the dropping of two atomic bombs, one each on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which led to the Japanese surrender, ending World War II. After the war, the Twentieth remained in the theater. Elements served in combat for a short time at the beginning of the Korean War, but Twentieth AF later was concerned primarily with logistics support for the operations of other organizations and with providing air defense of the Ryukyu Islands. Inactivated in Okinawa on 1 Mar 1955. Activated again in 1991 to maintain and operate the Air Force's intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) forces, first under Strategic Air Command, then (1992) under Air Combat Command, later (1993) under Air Force Space Command, and finally (2009) under Air Force Global Strike Command (the former Strategic Air Command).

Service Streamers. World War II: American Theater; Asiatic-Pacific Theater; Korea: Korean Service.

Campaign Streamers. None.
 
Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Sep 1991-31 Aug 1993; 1 Sep 1993-14 Oct 1994; 1 Oct 1995-30 Sep 1997; 1 Oct 1997-30 Sep 1999; 1 Oct 1999-30 Sep 2001; 1 Oct 2001-30 Sep 2003; 1 Oct 2005-30 Sep 2007.

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through May 2011.

Commanders and Operations through Apr 2011.

Supersedes statement prepared in Dec 2009.

Emblem. Approved on 26 May 1944, modified on 15 Oct 1991 and 18 May 1994.

Prepared by Patsy Robertson.
 
Reviewed by Daniel Haulman.







 Inside AFHRA

ima cornerSearch

ima cornerOrganizations

 




Site Map      Contact Us     Questions     USA.gov     Security and Privacy notice     E-publishing  
Suicide Prevention    SAPR   IG   EEO   Accessibility/Section 508   No FEAR Act