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94 FIGHTER SQUADRON (ACC)

Posted 7/22/2010 Printable Fact Sheet
 
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94 Fighter Squadron Emblem
In accordance with Chapter 3 of AFI 84-105, commercial reproduction of this emblem is NOT permitted without the permission of the proponent organizational/unit commander.
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Lineage. Organized as 94 Aero Squadron on 20 Aug 1917. Redesignated as: 94 Squadron (Pursuit) on 14 Mar 1921; 94 Pursuit Squadron on 25 Jan 1923. Consolidated (8 Apr 1924) with 103 Aero Squadron which was organized on 31 Aug 1917, demobilized on 18 Aug 1919, and reconstituted. Redesignated as: 94 Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 6 Dec 1939; 94 Pursuit Squadron (Fighter) on 12 Mar 1941; 94 Fighter Squadron (Twin Engine) on 15 May 1942; 94 Fighter Squadron, Two Engine, on 28 Feb 1944. Inactivated on 16 Oct 1945. Redesignated as: 94 Fighter Squadron, Single Engine, on 5 Apr 1946; 94 Fighter Squadron, Jet Propelled, on 20 Jun 1946. Activated on 3 Jul 1946. Redesignated as: 94 Fighter Squadron, Jet, on 15 Jun 1948; 94 Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 16 Apr 1950; 94 Tactical Fighter Squadron on 1 Jul 1971; 94 Fighter Squadron on 1 Nov 1991.

Assignments. 103 Aero: Unkn, 31 Aug 1917-Jul 1918; 2 Pursuit Group, Jul 1918; 3 Pursuit Group, Aug 1918-Jan 1919.
 94 Aero (later, 94 Pursuit): Unkn, 20 Aug 1917-Mar 1918; 1 Pursuit Organization and Training Center, Mar 1918; 1 Pursuit Group, 5 May-Nov 1918; Third Army, Nov 1918-Apr 1919; unkn, Apr-Aug 1919. 1 Pursuit Group, 22 Aug 1919 to consolidation.
Consolidated Squadron: 1 Pursuit (later, 1 Fighter) Group, from consolidation in 1924 to 16 Oct 1945. 1 Fighter (later, 1 Fighter-Interceptor) Group, 3 Jul 1946 (attached to Alaskan Air Command, 13 Oct 1947-16 Feb 1948); 4705 Defense Wing, 6 Feb 1952; 27 Air Division, 1 Mar 1952; 1 Fighter Group, 18 Aug 1955; 1 Fighter Wing, 1 Feb 1961 (attached to 314 Air Division, c. 6 Jun-17 Nov 1969); 23 Air Division, 1 Dec 1969; 1 Tactical Fighter Wing, 1 Jul 1971; 1 Operations Group, 1 Oct 1991-.

Stations. 103 Aero: Kelly Field, TX, 31 Aug 1917; Garden City, NY, 5-23 Nov 1917; Winchester, England, 8-23 Dec 1917; Issoudun, France, 24 Dec 1917; La Noblette, France, 18 Feb 1918; Bonne Maison (near Fismes), France, 10 Apr 1918; Bray Dunes, France, 2 May 1918; Leffrinckoucke, France, 5 May 1918; Crochte, France, 8 Jun 1918; Toul, France, 4 Jul 1918; Vaucouleurs, France, 7 Aug 1918; Lisle-en-Barrois, France, 20 Sep 1918; Foucaucourt, France, 6 Nov 1918; Colombey-les-Belles, France, 5 Jun 1919; Brest, France, 6-19 Feb 1919; Garden City, NY, 4-18 Mar 1919.
94 Aero (later, 94 Pursuit): Kelly Field, TX, 20 Aug 1917; Hazelhurst Field, NY, 5-27 Oct 1917; Paris, France, 18 Nov 1917; Issoudun, France, 24 Jan 1918; Villeneuve-les-Vertus, France, 5 Mar 1918; Epiez, France, 1 Apr 1918; Toul, France, 7 Apr 1918; Touquin, France, c. 30 Jun 1918; Saints, France, 9 Jul 1918; Rembercourt, France, 1 Sep 1918; Noers (near Longuyon), France, 20 Nov 1918; Coblenz, Germany, 31 Dec 1918; Colombey-les-Belles, France, 17 Apr 1919; Le Mans, France, 5-18 May 1919; Mitchel Field, NY, 1 Jun 1919; Selfridge Field, MI, 27 Jun 1919; Kelly Field, TX, c. 31 Aug 1919; Ellington Field, TX, 1 Jul 1921; Selfridge Field, MI, 1 Jul 1922 to consolidation.
Consolidated Squadron: Selfridge Field, MI, from consolidation in 1924; San Diego NAS, CA, 9 Dec 1941; Long Beach, CA, 6 Feb-20 May 1942; Kirton in Lindsey, England, 10 Jun 1942; Ibsley, England, 27 Aug-24 Oct 1942; Tafaraoui, Algeria, 15 Nov 1942; Nouvion, Algeria, 21 Nov 1942; Youks-les-Bains, Algeria, 28 Nov 1942 (detachments operated from Maison Blanche, Algeria, 6-14 Dec 1942); Biskra, Tunisia, 14 Dec 1942; Chateaudun-du-Rhumel, Algeria, 14 Feb 1943; Mateur, Tunisia, c. 20 Jun 1943 (detachments operated from Dittaino, Sicily, 6-18 Sep 1943, and Gambut, Libya, 4-12 Oct 1943); Djedeida, Tunisia, c. 1 Nov 1943; Monserrato, Sardinia, 29 Nov 1943; Gioia del Colle, Italy, c. 10 Dec 1943; Salsola, Italy, Jan 1944 (detachments operated from Aghione, Corsica, 10-18 Aug 1944, and Vincenzo, Italy, 9 Jan-18 Feb 1945); Lesina, Italy, 16 Mar 1945; Marcianise, Italy, 26 Sep-16 Oct 1945. March Field (later, AFB), CA, 3 Jul 1946 (deployed at Ladd Field, AK, 13 Oct 1947-16 Feb 1948); George AFB, CA, 18 Jul 1950; Selfridge AFB, MI, 18 Aug 1955 (deployed at Osan AB, South Korea, c. 6 Jun-17 Nov 1969); Wurtsmith AFB, MI, 31 Dec 1969; MacDill AFB, FL, 1 Jul 1971; Langley AFB, VA, 30 Jun 1975-.

Commanders. 103 Aero. Lt White, c. 31 Aug 1917; 1 Lt Phocion S. Park Jr., 21 Sep 1917; Maj William Thaw, 18 Feb 1918; Capt Robert L. Rockwell, 29 Jul 1918; Capt Robert Soubiran, 18 Oct 1918-c. 18 Aug 1919. 94 Aero. 1 Lt J. Bayard Smith, 20 Aug 1917; Capt Henry L. Lyster, by Mar 1917; Maj John W. F. Huffer, 7 Mar 1918; Maj Kenneth Marr, 9 Jun 1918; 1 Lt Alfred A. Grant, c. Aug 1918; Capt Edward V. Rickenbacker, 25 Sep 1918; Maj Reed M. Chambers, 26 Dec 1918-unkn; 1 Lt William Clark, unkn; Capt Lawrence P. Hickey, 19 Jul 1921-unkn; 1 Lt Sam L. Ellis, 28 Jun 1922; Capt Frank O. D. Hunter, 5 Jul 1922-unkn. Consolidated Squadron. Unkn, 8 Apr 1924; 1 Lt John K. Cannon, 18 May 1923; unkn, 13 Jan-30 Jun 1929; 1 Lt Harry A. Johnson, 1 Jul 1929; Capt A. B. Ballard, 1932; 2 Lt Karl G. E. Gimmler, 31 Dec 1932; Maj Edwin J. House, 31 Dec 1933; Capt Leo H. Dawson, 31 Dec 1935; unkn, 1 Jan 1938-1941; 1 Lt Ralph S. Garman, 9 Dec 1941; Maj Glenn E. Hubbard, c. 30 Jun 1942; Capt James Harman, 6 Mar 1943; Capt (unkn) Sutcliffe, 17 Apr 1943; Maj (unkn) Wellensiek, 1 Jul 1943; Capt (unkn) Hagenback, 27 Sep 1943; Capt William L. Jacobsen, 24 Jan 1944; Capt Edward La Clare, 28 Apr 1944 (acting); Lt Col Francis H. Harris, 20 Jul 1944; Lt Col Harry L. Culberson, 21 May 1945-unkn. Lt Col Robert L. Petit, c. Jul 1946; Lt Col Donald E. Hillman, 20 Aug 1946; Maj James C. Lemmon, 1 Jun 1949; Lt Col John G. Benner, c. 18 Jun 1950; Maj Louis A. Green, c. 30 Jun 1951; Maj Donald P. Buchanan, c. 6 Sep 1951 (acting); Maj Louis A. Green, Oct 1951; Lt Col Jack R. Best, 10 Nov 1951; Lt Col James B. Raebel, by Dec 1952; Lt Col Frank B. Rinn, c. Sep 1954-unkn; Lt Col Edward S. Popek, c. Jan 1958; Lt Col John W. Lafko, 1 Jul 1960; Lt Col Richard G. Cross Jr., 17 Jul 1962; Lt Col Hugh J. Martin, c. 1 Jun 1965; Maj Leslie J. Hauer, 30 Mar 1966 (temporary); Col Hugh J. Martin, c. 22 May 1966; Lt Col Joseph F. Olshefski, Jul 1967; Lt Col Ewell D. Wainwright, 1 Dec 1969; unkn, Jan-Jun 1971; Lt Col Donald W. Martin, 1 Jul 1971; Lt Col James D. Shepherd, 28 Aug 1972; Lt Col John D. Parker, 19 Mar 1973; Lt Col William M. Dalton, 30 May 1974; Lt Col Henry M. Yochum II, 2 Mar-29 Jun 1975; none (not manned), 30 Jun 1975-31 Jul 1976; Lt Col John R. Britt, 1 Aug 1976; Lt Col John L. Borling, 7 Jul 1978; Lt Col Jimmy L. Cash, 20 Apr 1979; Lt Col Thomas J. Barber, 20 Mar 1981; Lt Col William A. Goodrich, 19 Feb 1982; Lt Col Ronald T. McBride, 17 Feb 1983; Lt Col Paul V. Hester, 20 Nov 1984; Lt Col Orvil R. Hause, 31 Oct 1986; Lt Col Ronald A. Dorenbush, 7 Jan 1988; Lt Col James B. Smith, 29 Aug 1989; Lt Col Daniel P. Griffin, 9 Nov 1990; Lt Col Dennis G. Krembel, 22 Apr 1992; Lt Col Michael L. Straight, 11 Jun 1993; Lt Col Stephen J. Miller, 17 Jun 1994; Lt Col Timothy L. Wolters, 8 Dec 1995; Lt Col David M. Rhodes, 12 Apr 1996 (temporary); Lt Col Timothy L. Wolters, 12 Jun 1996; Lt Col Thomas Dietz, 9 Jan 1998; Lt Col Brett T. Williams, 16 May 1999; Lt Col Kevin L. Martin, 17 Nov 2000; Lt Col Michael E. Tallent, 9 Jun 2002; Lt Col Scott Maw, 13 Feb 2004; Lt Col Dirk D. Smith, 15 Jul 2005; Lt Col Kevin R. Fesler, 23 Mar 2007; Lt Col Adrian L. Spain, 12 Dec 2008; Lt Col David W. Abba, 9 Jul 2010-.
 
Aircraft. 103 Aero: Spad VII, 1918; Spad XIII, 1918.
94 Aero (later, 94 Pursuit): Nieuport 28, 1918; Spad XIII, 1918-1919; 1921-1922; Fokker D-VII, Albatros D-V, Pfalz D-III, and Roland D-VI, during 1919; SE-5, 1919-1922; JN-4, JN-6, DH-4, Orenco D, and PW-5, during the period 1919 to consolidation in 1924; MB-3, 1922 to consolidation in 1924.
Consolidated Squadron: MB-3, from consolidation in 1924 to 1925; PW-8, 1924-1926; P-1, 1925-1931; P-2, P-3, and P-5, 1926-1931; P-12, 1930-1932; P-6, 1932; P-16, 1932-1934; P-6, P-26, and P-30 (PB-2), 1934-1938; P-35, 1934-1941; P-36, 1938-1940; P-40 (and probably P-43), 1939-1941; P-38, 1941-1945. P-80, 1946-1949; F-86, 1949-1960; F-106, 1960-1971; F-4, 1971-1975; F-15, 1976-2005; F-22-2006-.

Operations. 103 Aero: Constructed facilities, Dec 1917-1 Feb 1918; with flight echelon originally composed of former members of the Lafayette Escadrille, participated in combat as a pursuit unit with the French Fourth Army, French Sixth Army, Detachment of the Armies of the North (French), French Eighth Army, and the American First Army, 18 Feb-10 Nov 1918.
94 Aero (later, 94 Pursuit): Combat as a pursuit unit with the French Sixth Army, French Eighth Army, and the American First Army, 19 Mar-10 Nov 1918; served with the Third Army as the pursuit aviation arm of the occupation forces, Nov 1918-Apr 1919.
Consolidated Squadron: Participated in gunnery practice, numerous maneuvers, and testing of aircraft, personnel, and equipment, 1921-1941. Antisubmarine operations, 9 Dec 1941-24 Mar 1942; combat in European and Mediterranean Theaters of Operation (ETO and MTO), 3 Aug 1942-4 May 1945. Air defense, Jul 1950-Jun 1971; F-4 replacement training, 1 Jul 1971-29 Jun 1975. From 1976-1992, maintained combat readiness with capability to deploy worldwide and perform all phases of assigned mission. During 1993-2005, shared rotation duties with 27 and 71 FS in support of UN peacekeeping efforts in SWA; 1994-2000, rotated to Iceland to monitor the Iceland Military Identification Zone. After 11 Sep 2001, performed homeland security operations in support of war against terrorism.

Service Streamers. None.

Campaign Streamers. World War I: Champagne (earned by 94 Aero and 103 Aero); Lorraine (earned by 94 Aero and 103 Aero); Flanders (earned by 103 Aero); Ile-de-France (earned by 94 Aero); Champagne-Marne (earned by 94 Aero); Oise-Aisne (earned by 94 Aero); Aisne-Marne (earned by 94 Aero); St Mihiel (earned by 94 Aero and 103 Aero); Meuse-Argonne (earned by 94 Aero and 103 Aero). World War II: Antisubmarine, American Theater; Egypt-Libya; Air Offensive, Europe; Algeria-French Morocco (with Arrowhead for ground echelon only); Tunisia; Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Anzio; Rome-Arno; Normandy; Northern France; Southern France; North Apennines; Rhineland; Central Europe; Po Valley; Air Combat, EAME Theater. Southwest Asia: Southwest Asia Ceasefire.

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: Italy, 25 Aug 1943; Italy, 30 Aug 1943; Ploesti, Rumania, 18 May 1944. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 15 Jun 1982-15 Jun 1984; 16 Jun 1984-15 Jun 1986; 1 May 1992-30 Apr 1994; 1 Jun 1995-31 May 1997; 1 Jun 1998-31 May 2000; 1 Jun 2000-31 May 2001; 1 Jun 2004-31 May 2006. French Croix de Guerre with Palm (awarded to 94th Aero); French Croix de Guerre with Two Palms (awarded to 103 Aero); French Fourragere (awarded to 103 Aero).

Lineage, Assignments, Stations, and Honors through Jul 2010.

Commanders, Aircraft and Operations through Jul 2010.

Supersedes statement prepared on 25 Aug 2006.

Emblem. Approved 15 Nov 1919.

Prepared by Patsy Robertson.

Reviewed by Carl E. Bailey.







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