Air Force Historical Research Agency   Right Corner Banner
Join the Air Force

Home > Fact Sheets > 78 Air Refueling Squadron (AFRC)

78 AIR REFUELING SQUADRON (AFRC)

Posted 4/1/2014 Printable Fact Sheet
 
Photos 
78 Air Refueling Squadron (AFRC) Emblem
In accordance with Chapter 3 of AFI 84-105, commercial reproduction of this emblem is NOT permitted without the permission of the proponent organizational/unit commander.
Download HiRes

Lineage. Constituted as 78 Troop Carrier Squadron on 30 Jan 1943. Activated on 25 Feb 1943. Inactivated on 15 Nov 1945. Activated in the Reserve on 17 Jul 1947. Redesignated as 78 Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium, on 26 Jun 1949. Ordered to active service on 1 Mar 1951. Inactivated on 1 Dec 1952. Activated in the Reserve on 1 Dec 1952. Inactivated on 24 Mar 1954. Activated in the Reserve on 1 Apr 1955. Inactivated on 16 Nov 1957. Activated in the Reserve on 8 May 1959. Redesignated as 78 Troop Carrier Squadron, Heavy, on 8 May 1961. Ordered to active service on 1 Oct 1961. Relieved from active duty on 27 Aug 1962. Redesignated as: 78 Air Transport Squadron, Heavy, on 1 Dec 1965; 78 Military Airlift Squadron on 1 Jan 1966; 78 Special Operations Squadron on 1 Apr 1972. Inactivated on 1 Oct 1973. Redesignated as 78 Air Refueling Squadron, Heavy (Associate) on 25 Mar 1981. Activated in the Reserve on 1 Nov 1981. Redesignated as: 78 Air Refueling Squadron (Associate) on 1 Feb 1992; 78 Air Refueling Squadron on 1 Oct 1994.
 
Assignments. 435 Troop Carrier Group, 25 Feb 1943-15 Nov 1945. 435 Troop Carrier Group, 17 Jul 1947-1 Dec 1952. 435 Troop Carrier Group, 1 Dec 1952-24 Mar 1954. 435 Troop Carrier Group, 1 Apr 1955-16 Nov 1957. 435 Troop Carrier Wing, 8 May 1959; 917 Troop Carrier (later, 917 Air Transport; 917 Military Airlift; 917 Special Operations) Group, 17 Jan 1963-1 Oct 1973. 452 Air Refueling Wing, 1 Nov 1981; 98 Air Refueling Group, 1 Oct 1987; 98 Operations Group, 1 Aug 1992; 514 Operations Group, 1 Oct 1994-.

Stations. Bowman Field, KY, 25 Feb 1943; Sedalia AAFld, MO, 4 May 1943; Pope Field, NC, 2 Jul 1943; Baer Field, IN, 9-13 Oct 1943; Langer, England, 4 Nov 1943; Welford Park, England, Jan 1944 (detachment operated from Tarquinia, Italy, 20 Jul-23 Aug 1944); Bretigny, France, 19 Feb-Jun 1945; Baer Field, IN, 5 Aug 1945; Kellogg Field, MI, 23 Aug-15 Nov 1945. Jacksonville Muni Aprt, FL, 17 Jul 1947; Miami Intl Aprt, FL, 26 Jun 1949-1 Dec 1952. Miami Intl Aprt, FL, 1 Dec 1952-24 Mar 1954. Orlando AFB, FL, 1 Apr 1955-16 Nov 1957. Bates Field, AL, 8 May 1959 (deployed at Donaldson AFB, SC, 14-28 Aug 1960); Barksdale AFB, LA, 8 May 1961-1 Oct 1973. Barksdale AFB, LA, 1 Nov 1981; McGuire AFB (later, Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst), NJ, 1 Oct 1994-.
 
Commanders. Lt Col Bertie E. Hanson, 25 Feb 1943-1945. Unkn, 17 Jul 1947-1951; Maj Elmer W. Harris, 1 Mar 1951; Maj Bert E. Sanborn, Nov 1951; Maj Clifford C. Root, 26 Feb 1952; Capt James L. Hill, c. Jul 1952; Maj Clifford C. Root, unkn-1 Dec 1952. Unkn, 1 Dec 1952-24 Mar 1954. Unkn, 1 Apr 1955-16 Nov 1957. Lt Col Stanley V. Rush, 8 May 1959; Maj William A. Willis, Jul 1960 (temp), 9 Oct 1960 (permanent); Lt Col William G. Paine, 8 May 1961; Maj William F. Keaster, 5 Nov 1961; Lt Col William G. Paine, 28 Aug 1962; Maj James L. Cathey Jr., 17 Jan 1963; Maj L. V. Ruffin, 1 Jul 1963; Maj Albert L. Bunnell, 22 Aug 1966; Maj Raymond L. Armour, 19 Sep 1966; Col Joseph H. McClelland Jr., by Dec 1967; Lt Col William T. Gattis, by Dec 1968; Lt Col Harry J. Gilbert, by Sep 1970; Col Raymond L. Armour, by Jun 1971; Lt Col Aylmer B. Post Jr., by Dec 1971; Lt Col Thomas J. Connelly, by Apr 1972; Lt Col Billy R. Henderson, 28 Jun 1972; Maj Benjamin Voss, 10 Nov 1972-1 Oct 1973. Maj Russell T. Olson, 1 Nov 1981; Lt Col Bernard L. Talley Jr., 2 Aug 1982; Lt Col Ronald M. Hodges, 17 Nov 1985; Lt Col Jon E. Mickley, 1 Nov 1986; Lt Col Edward H. Rooks, 21 Feb 1988; Lt Col Gerald P. Fitzgerald, 24 Feb 1990; Lt Col Anthony P. Capoccia, 23 Sep 1992; Lt Col John R. Thomas, 23 Jan 1993; Lt Col Lawrence Cremo, 26 Aug 1995; Lt Col John C. Hildebrand Jr., 1 Nov 1998; Lt Col Steven J. DeWerff, 1 Feb 2001; Lt Col James Fowler, c. May 2004; Lt Col Thomas Ayers, May 2005; Lt Col Michael Solomon, c. May 2008; Lt Col Daniel Edwards, 16 Jan 2010; Lt Col Michael Cruff, 9 Jun 2012-.
 
Aircraft. C-53, 1943-1945; C-47, 1943-1945; CG-4 glider, 1943-1945; Horsa glider, 1943-1945; C-46, 1944-1945. C-46, 1947-1951; C-119, 1951-1952. C-46, 1952-1954. C-46, 1955-1957. C-119, 1959-1961; C-124, 1961-1972; A-37, 1972-1973. KC-10, 1981-.
 
Operations. During World War II, transported personnel and cargo in European Theater of Operations (ETO) and Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) and participated in Allied airborne assaults on Normandy, Southern France, the Netherlands, and Germany. Reserve airlift training and transport operations during periods Jul 1947-Feb 1951, Dec 1952-Mar 1954, Apr 1955-Nov 1957, May 1959-Sep 1961, and Aug 1962-Mar 1972, during which times it often augmented Military Airlift Command strategic airlift operations worldwide and took part in domestic training exercises. Served in an active status, Mar 1951-Dec 1952 and Oct 1961-Aug 1962. Between Apr 1972 and Oct 1973, performed a special operations role. In Nov 1981, began strategic aerial refueling and airlift operations. In Dec 1989 refueled aircraft on way to Panama during Operation Just Cause. During Operation Desert Shield in 1990, its crews refueled more than a hundred aircraft on their way from the United States to the Persian Gulf area and delivered passengers and cargo. Supported Operations Noble Eagle, Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom after 11 Sep 2001 terrorist attacks on the US. Participated in Operation Unified Response, humanitarian relief for victims of earthquake in Haiti, 2010. Elements deployed in support of Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom; flew numerous Global Reach mobility/cargo missions; Guantanamo (GITMO) detainee movement missions; USO (United Service Organizations) support missions; international joint training with RAF Luechars, 2010-. Conducted air refueling missions as reserve associate of 305 Air Mobility Wing, 2012-.
 
Service Streamers. None.

Campaign Streamers. World War II: Rome-Arno; Normandy; Northern France; Southern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe.
Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. Panama, 1989-1990.
 
Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citation: France 5-7 Jun 1944. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Aug 1967-25 Oct 1968; 1 Oct 1984-30 Aug 1986; 1 Oct 1995-30 Sep 1997; 1 Oct 1999-30 Sep 2001; 1 Oct 2001-30 Sep 2002; 1 Oct 2004-30 Sep 2006; 1 Oct 2006-31 Aug 2007; [1 Sep 2007]-30 Sep 2008. Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Crosses with Palm: 1 Apr 1966-31 Mar 1972; 26-28 Oct 1972.
 
Lineage, Assignments, Stations, and Honors through 20 Mar 2014.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through Jun 2012.

Supersedes statement prepared on 31 Jan 2013.

Emblem. Approved on 17 Aug 1984; newest rendition approved on 18 Jul 2000.

Prepared by Patsy Robertson.
 
Reviewed by Daniel Haulman.







 Inside AFHRA

ima cornerSearch

ima cornerOrganizations

 




Site Map      Contact Us     Questions     USA.gov     Security and Privacy notice     E-publishing  
Suicide Prevention    SAPR   IG   EEO   Accessibility/Section 508   No FEAR Act