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72 TEST AND EVALUATION SQUADRON (ACC)

Posted 12/20/2007 Printable Fact Sheet
 
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72 Test and Evaluation Squadron (ACC) Emblem
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Lineage. Organized as 72nd Aero Squadron on 18 Feb 1918. Demobilized on 11 Jul 1919. Reconstituted, and consolidated (1924) with the 72nd Bombardment Squadron, which was constituted on 6 Feb 1923. Activated on 1 May 1923. Redesignated: 72nd Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 6 Dec 1939; 72nd Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 20 Nov 1940; 72nd Bombardment Squadron, Heavy, on 6 Mar 1944; 72nd Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy, on 30 Apr 1946. Inactivated on 10 Mar 1947. Redesignated 72nd Reconnaissance Squadron, Very Long Range, Photographic, on 16 Sep 1947. Activated on 13 Oct 1947. Redesignated: 72nd Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron, Photographic, on 23 Feb 1949; 72nd Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron, Heavy, on 14 Nov 1950; 72nd Bombardment Squadron, Heavy, on 1 Oct 1955. Discontinued, and inactivated, on 1 Feb 1963. Redesignated 72nd Bomb Squadron on 30 Nov 1994. Activated on 1 Dec 1994. Inactivated on 1 Jul 1996. Redesignated 72nd Test and Evaluation Squadron on 1 Nov 1998. Activated on 20 Nov 1998. 

Assignments. Unkn, 18 Feb-Sep 1918; 1st Air Depot, Sep 1918-Jun 1919; unkn, Jun-11 Jul 1919. 5th Composite Group, 1 May 1923; 19th Bombardment Group (attached to 5th Composite Group), 24 Jun 1932; 5th Bombardment (later, 5th Reconnaissance) Group, 12 Oct 1938-10 Mar 1947. Alaskan Air Command, 13 Oct 1947; 311th Air Division, 1 Apr 1949; 5th Strategic Reconnaissance Group, 28 Jun 1949 (attached to 5th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, 10 Feb 1951-15 Jun 1952); 5th Strategic Reconnaissance (later, 5th Bombardment) Wing, 16 Jun 1952; 4134th Strategic Wing, 1 Jul 1958-1 Feb 1963. 5th Operations Group, 1 Dec 1994-1 Jul 1996. 53rd Test and Evaluation Group, 20 Nov 1998-. 

Stations. Waco, TX, 18 Feb 1918; Rich Field, TX, 23 Feb 1918; Garden City, NY, 16 Jul-13 Aug 1918; St Maixent, France, 4 Sep 1918; Delouze, France, 20 Sep 1918; Colombey-les-Belles, France, 30 Sep 1918-Jun 1919 (detachment at Bar-le-Duc, 4 Oct-1 Dec 1918); Mitchel Field, NY, c. 29 Jun-11 Jul 1919. Luke Field, TH, 1 May 1923; Hickam Field, TH, 4 Jan 1939; Bellows Field, TH, 11 Dec 1941-18 Sep 1942; Espiritu Santo, 24 Sep 1942 (operated from Guadalcanal, 4 Oct 1942-8 Aug 1943; 7 Oct-15 Nov 1943; 13 Dec 1943-27 Jan 1944); Munda, New Georgia, 9 Jan 1944; Momote Airfield, Los Negros, 15 Apr 1944; Wadke, c. 19 Aug 1944; Noemfoor, 27 Sep 1944; Morotai, 24 Oct 1944; Samar, 20 Mar 1945; Clark Field, Luzon, Dec 1945-10 Mar 1947. Ladd Field, AK, 13 Oct 1947; Mountain Home AFB, ID, 28 Jun 1949; Fairfield-Suisun (later, Travis) AFB, CA, 9 Nov 1949 (deployed at: RAF Station Sculthorpe, England, 31 May -15 Nov 1950; Andersen AFB, Guam, 14 Jan-12 Apr 1955); Mather AFB, CA, 1 Jul 1958-1 Feb 1963. Minot AFB, ND, 1 Dec 1994-1 Jul 1996. Whiteman AFB, MO, 20 Nov1998-. 

Commanders. Lt William Henel, Jr., 18 Feb 1918; Lt George L. Twigg, 20 Jul 1918; unkn, Jan-11 Jul 1919. Capt Ross G. Hoyt, 1 May 1923; unkn, 1924-Feb 1926; Capt Clyde V. Finter, by (Mar) 1926; unkn, 1926-1928; Capt Harry C. Drayton, by (1929); unkn, 1930-1934; Maj John V. Hart, by (12) Jan 1935; Capt Ford J. Laur, 3 Sep 1935; Maj Idwald H. Edwards, 23 Oct 1935; Lt. Paul E. Ruestow, Jul 1937; Maj Oliver P. Gothlin, Jr., 4 Sep 1937; Capt Robert F. Travis, Jun 1939; Maj Archibald Hanna; by (11 Dec) 1941; Maj Jay D. Rutledge, Jr., Jan 1942; Maj Donald E. Ridings, 23 Mar 1942; Maj Marshall R. Gray, 26 Jun 1942; Lt Col Donald E. Ridings, by (18 Sep) 1942; Maj Narce Whitaker, 1 Dec 1942; unkn, 12 Apr-14 Jun 1943; Maj Byron M. Sansom, Jr., 15 Jun 1943; Maj Charles L. Peirce, 15 Nov 1943; Maj Gerald M. Cass, 4 Feb 1944; Maj Leo L. Hunt, 5 May 1944; Capt D. G. Dougherty, 14 Aug 1944; Maj Norman C. Wahlstron, 4 Nov 1944; Maj Christopher Goldsbury, 21 Feb 1945; Maj Lee R. Williams, 26 Apr 1945; unkn, Oct-Dec 1945; none (not manned), Jan 1946-10 Mar 1947. Maj Maynard E. White, 13 Oct 1947; Lt Col Charles S. Overstreet, 12 Aug 1948; Capt William R. Vaughan, 3 Apr 1949; Lt Col Donald M. Hyland, 3 May 1949; Lt Col Martin B. Schofield, 2 Dec 1949; Lt Col Clarence E. Becker, 1 Jun 1952; Lt Col Robert J. Ray, 3 Jan 1954; Lt Col Holly W. Anderson, c. 30 Sep 1955; Maj Rowan M. Perkins, 3 Apr 1957; Lt Col Ray M. Watkins, 1 Jul 1957; Lt Col Harry D. Gilpin, by (Dec) 1961-1 Feb 1963. None (not manned), 1 Dec 1994-Jan 1995; Lt Col Edward T. Dixon, 6 Jan 1995-1 Jul 1996. 

Aircraft. In addition to DH-4, included NBS-1 and LB-5 during period 1923-1929; primarily B-4, B-5, and LB-6 during period 1929-1936; B-12, 1936-1938; B-18, 1938-1942; B-17, 1941, 1942-1943; B-24, 1943-1945. B-29, 1947-1951; F-13, 1947-1948; RB-36, 1951-1955; B/RB-36, 1955-1958; B-52, 1958-1963. B-52, 1995-1996. 

Operations. Air park in Zone of Advance, 1918-1919. Bombed lava flowing from Mauna Loa, thus diverting it from the city of Hilo, 27 Dec 1935. Patrols over the Pacific, 7 Dec 1941-Sep 1942 and 8 Aug-2 Oct 1943. Combat in South and Southwest Pacific, 26 Sep 1942-6 Aug 1943; 4 Oct-15 Nov 1943; 24 Dec 1943-2 Apr 1944; and in Southwest and Western Pacific, 18 Apr 1944-12 Aug 1945. Flew mapping reconnaissance missions over Arctic frontiers, 1947-1949 and long range strategic reconnaissance missions, 1950-1954. Maintained capability to deliver nuclear or conventional bombs world-wide, 1955-1963 and 1995-1996. 

Service Streamers.
World War I Theater of Operations. 

Campaign Streamers. World War II: Central Pacific; Guadalcanal; China Defensive; New Guinea; Northern Solomons; Eastern Mandates; Bismarck Archipelago; Western Pacific; Leyte; Luzon; Southern Philippines; China Offensive; Air Combat, Asiatic-Pacific Theater. 

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None. 

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: Woleai Island, 18 Apr-15 May 1944; Borneo, 30 Sep 1944. Presidential Unit Citation (Navy): [1942]. Philippine Presidential Unit Citation (WWII). Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 13 Oct 1947-1 Jun 1949; 6 Jan 1995-31 May 1996. 

Lineage, Assignments, Stations, and Honors through
12 Jul 2000. 

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through
Dec 1996. 

Supersedes L&H dated 1 Oct 1995. 

Emblem. Sable, three storm clouds one and two issuing to base from the upper cloud and behind the sinister cloud two lightning flashes palewise forming the numeral "72" Argent; all within a diminished bordure of the last. Approved on 14 Feb 1924. 

Prepared by A. Timothy Warnock.

Approved by Judy G. Endicott.







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