Air Force Historical Research Agency   Right Corner Banner
Join the Air Force

Home > Fact Sheets > 27 Fighter Squadron (ACC)

27 FIGHTER SQUADRON (ACC)

Posted 7/22/2010 Printable Fact Sheet
 
Photos 
27 Fighter Squadron Emblem
In accordance with Chapter 3 of AFI 84-105, commercial reproduction of this emblem is NOT permitted without the permission of the proponent organizational/unit commander.
Download HiRes

Lineage. Organized as 21 Aero Squadron on 15 Jun 1917. Redesignated as: 27 Aero Squadron on 23 Jun 1917; 27 Squadron (Pursuit) on 14 Mar 1921; 27 Pursuit Squadron on 25 Jan 1923; 27 Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 6 Dec 1939; 27 Pursuit Squadron (Fighter) on 12 Mar 1941; 27 Fighter Squadron (Twin Engine) on 15 May 1942; 27 Fighter Squadron, Two Engine, on 28 Feb 1944. Inactivated on 16 Oct 1945. Redesignated as: 27 Fighter Squadron, Single Engine, on 5 Apr 1946; 27 Fighter Squadron, Jet Propelled, on 20 Jun 1946. Activated on 3 Jul 1946. Redesignated as: 27 Fighter Squadron, Jet, on 15 Jun 1948; 27 Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 16 Apr 1950; 27 Tactical Fighter Squadron on 1 Jul 1971; 27 Fighter Squadron on 1 Nov 1991.

Assignments. Unkn, 15 Jun 1917-May 1918; 1 Pursuit Group, May-Dec 1918; unkn, Dec 1918-22 Aug 1919; 1 Pursuit (later, 1 Fighter) Group, 22 Aug 1919-16 Oct 1945. 1 Fighter Group, 3 Jul 1946 (attached to Eastern Air Defense Force, 15 Aug 1950-3 Jun 1951; 103 Fighter-Interceptor Group, 4 Jun 1951-6 Feb 1952); 4711 Defense (later, 4711 Air Defense) Wing, 6 Feb 1952; 32 Air Division, 1 Mar 1956 (attached to 14 Fighter Group, 1 Mar 1956-17 Feb 1957); 4727 Air Defense Group, 8 Feb 1957; Bangor Air Defense Sector, 1 Oct 1959; 36 Air Division, 1 Apr 1966; 35 Air Division, 15 Sep 1969; 21 Air Division, 19 Nov 1969; 1 Tactical Fighter Wing, 1 Jul 1971 (attached to 1 Tactical Fighter Wing Provisional, 8 Aug 1990-8 Mar 1991); 1 Operations Group, 1 Oct 1991-.

Stations. Camp Kelly, TX, 15 Jun 1917; Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 18 Aug 1917 (detachments at various Canadian stations, 5 Sep-22 Oct 1917); Taliaferro Field No. 1, TX, 29 Oct 1917; Garden City, NY, 26 Jan-25 Feb 1918; Tours, France, 20 Mar 1918; Issoudun, France, 29 Mar 1918; Epiez, France, 24 Apr 1918; Toul, France, 1 Jun 1918; Touquin, France, 28 Jun 1918; Saints, France, 9 Jul 1918; Rembercourt, France, 3 Sep 1918 (flight operated from Verdun, 25 Sep 1918-unkn); Colombey-les-Belles, France, 12 Dec 1918; Brest, France, 5 Feb-8 Mar 1919; Garden City, NY, 19 Mar 1919; Selfridge Field, MI, 28 Apr 1919; Kelly Field, TX, 31 Aug 1919; Ellington Field, TX, 1 Jul 1921; Selfridge Field, MI, 1 Jul 1922; San Diego NAS, CA, c. 11 Dec 1941; Los Angeles, CA, 29 Dec 1941-20 May 1942; Goxhill, England, 9 Jun 1942 (operated from Reykjavik, Iceland, 3 Jul-26 Aug 1942); Atcham, England, 9 Aug 1942; High Ercall, England, 20 Aug 1942; Colerne, England, 12 Sep-23 Oct 1942; St Leu, Algeria, 9 Nov 1942; Tafaraoui, Algeria, 13 Nov 1942; Nouvion, Algeria, 20 Nov 1942 (detachments operated from Maison Blanche, Algeria, 7-21 Dec 1942, and Biskra, Algeria, 21-30 Dec 1942); Biskra, Algeria, 30 Dec 1942; Chateaudun-du-Rhumel, Algeria, 18 Feb 1943; Mateur, Tunisia, 28 Jun 1943 (detachments operated from Dittaino, Sicily, 6-18 Sep 1943, and Gambut, Libya, 5-13 Oct 1943); Djedeida, Tunisia, 1 Nov 1943; Monserrato, Sardinia, 29 Nov 1943; Gioia del Colle, Italy, 9 Dec 1943; Salsola Airfield, Italy, 8 Jan 1944 (detachments operated from Aghione, Corsica, 11-21 Aug 1944, and Vincenzo Airfield, Italy, 10 Jan-21 Feb 1945); Lesina, Italy, 16 Mar 1945; Marcianise, Italy, 26 Sep-16 Oct 1945. March Field (later AFB), CA, 3 Jul 1946; George AFB, CA, 14 Jul 1950; Griffiss AFB, NY, 15 Aug 1950; Loring AFB, ME, 1 Oct 1959; MacDill AFB, FL, 1 Jul 1971; Langley AFB, VA, 30 Jun 1975-(operated from King Abdul Aziz AB, Saudi Arabia, 8 Aug 1990-8 Mar 1991).

Commanders. Maj Michael Davis, 15 Jan 1917; 1 Lt Fred R. Harvey, 15 Aug 1917; Maj Harold E. Hartney, 22 Oct 1917; Capt Alfred A. Grant, 21 Aug 1918-unkn; Capt Robert J. Bell, Apr 1919; 2 Lt Armor S. Heffley, 16 May 1919; Maj John J. Houghton, 13 Jul 1919; Capt Clayton Bissell, 2 Sep 1919-unkn; 1 Lt Thomas A. McGinnis, May 1921; 1 Lt John H. Wilson, 23 Sep 1921; 1 Lt Frank O. D. Hunter, 1 Oct 1921; 1 Lt Harold A. McGinnis, 13 Dec 1921; Capt Burt E. Skeel, 1922; 1 Lt Alfred J. Lyon, 4 Oct 1924; unkn, 25 Feb 1925-1927; 1 Lt Laclaire D. Schulze, 6 Jul 1927; unkn, 2 Aug-4 Sep 1927; 1 Lt Rex K. Stoner, 5 Sep 1927; unkn, 14 Jan-May 1929; Capt Lotha A. Smith, 21 May 1929; unkn, 11 Jan-Sep 1930; Capt Rowland C. W. Blessley, 30 Sep 1930-unkn; 1 Lt Alfred A. Kessler Jr., 1933-unkn; Capt Rowland C. W. Blessley, 19 Nov 1934; Capt James E. Parker, 27 Feb 1935; Capt Leo H. Dawson, 27 Aug 1935; Maj Warren A. Maxwell, 1 Sep 1935; Capt Dixon M. Allison, 15 Jun 1937; Maj Willis R. Taylor, 5 Aug 1937; unkn, Sep 1939-Aug 1941; Maj William E. Covington Jr., Aug 1941; Maj John W. Weltman, Apr 1942; Capt Joseph A. Glenn Jr., 9 Dec 1942; Maj Joel A. Owens Jr., 3 Jan 1943; Maj Darrel G. Welch, 26 Mar 1943; Capt James E. Pate, 10 May 1943; Maj Edward S. E. Newbury, 3 Sep 1943; Maj Gilbert E. Butler, 27 Sep 1943; Maj Thomas F. Rafael, 11 Apr 1944; Lt Col Francis J. Pope, 20 Jul 1944; Maj Marvin J. Migl, 9 May 1945-unkn. Maj Rex T. Barber, 1946; Lt Col Jack T. Bradley, 22 Aug 1946; Lt Col Loren G. McCallom, c. Aug 1947; Lt Col Hugh D. Dow, c. Jun 1948; Lt Col John R. Murphy, Aug 1948; Lt Col Clayton L. Peterson, 16 Feb 1949; Lt Col Jack W. Hayes Jr., 21 Feb 1949; Lt Col Clayton L. Peterson, 6 Jun 1949; Maj Dwight S. Beckhan, 16 Oct 1951; Lt Col Benjamin H. Emmert Jr., 29 Oct 1951; Lt Col William M. Shelton, 1953; Maj John H. Recher, 1954; Maj Robert R. Wright, c. Apr 1956; Lt Col David E. Latane, by June 1956-unkn; Col Grant R. Smith, by Jan 1958; Lt Col William H. Stewart, 10 Jul 1958; unkn, May 1959-1961; Lt Col Eugene L. Hinkley, by Jul 1961; Lt Col Robert C. Tomlinson, Aug 1963; Lt Col Bernard H. Barton, by Jun 1965; Col William W. Moore, 8 Dec 1967; Lt Col Francis J. Burkhardt, c. Mar 1969 (temporary); Col James M. Thomas, c. Apr 1969; Lt Col Harold C. Compton, by Nov 1970; Lt Col Daniel O. Walsh, 1 Jul 1971; Lt Col Larry D. Armstrong, 24 Aug 1971; Lt Col Alan S. Christner Jr., 28 May 1973; Lt Col Jerry D. Cobb, 11 Sep 1974; Lt Col James C. Woods, 2-29 Jun 1975; none (not manned), 30 Jun-14 Aug 1975; Lt Col Richard L. Craft, 15 Aug 1975; Lt Col John E. Jaquish, 15 Mar 1977; Lt Col George A. Devorshak, 5 Jan 1979; Lt Col Edward J. Hardenbrook, 5 Dec 1980; Lt Col Ronald R. Torgler, 16 Jul 1982; Lt Col Hal M. Hornburg, 31 Jul 1984; Lt Col John W. Rutledge, 15 May 1985; Lt Col Roy E. Parker, 15 May 1987; Lt Col Donald G. Kline, 21 Apr 1989; Lt Col Gerald F. Pease Jr., 19 Apr 1991; Lt Col Mark E. Smith, 12 Jun 1992; Lt Col Mark L. Jefferson, 11 Jun 1993; Lt Col James E. Hartney, 27 Jun 1994; Lt Col Stanley T. Kresge, 16 Feb 1996; Lt Col Charles K. Shugg, 30 Jan 1998; Lt Col James M. Holmes, 27 May 1999; Lt Col Brian Dickerson, 7 Jul 2000; Lt Col Keith P. Feaga, 4 Jan 2002; Lt Col Stuart Nichols, 12 Feb 2003; Lt Col James B. Heckler, 1 Oct 2004; Lt Col Wade G. Tolliver,12 May 2006; Lt Col Lansing M. Pilch, 30 May 2008; Lt Col Peter M. Fesler, 5 Mar 2010-.
 
Aircraft. Apparently JN-4, 1917-1918; Nieuport 28, 1918; Sopwith F-1 Camel, 1918; Spad XIII, 1918-1922; SE-5, 1919-1922, DH-4, 1919-1925; Fokker D-7, 1921; MB-3, 1922-1925, PW-8, 1924-1926; P-1, 1925-1931; P-6, 1928-1929; P-12, 1930-1934; P-16, 1932; P-26, 1934-1938; PB-2, 1936-1937; P-35, 1938-1941; P-36, 1939; YP-43, 1939-1941; C-40, 1939-1941; P-38, 1941-1945. P-80, 1946-1949; F-86, 1949-1954; F-89, 1952-1953; F-94, 1954-1960; F-102, 1957-1960; F-106, 1960-1971; F-4, 1971-1975; TF/F-15, 1975-2005; F-22, 2005-.

Operations. Flying training unit, Nov 1917-Jan 1918; combat as pursuit unit with French Sixth Army, French Eighth Army, and American First Army, 2 Jun-10 Nov 1918. Antisubmarine, c. 12-29 Dec 1941; air defense of Iceland, c. 4 Jul-c. 25 Aug 1942; combat in European Theater of Operations (ETO) and Mediterranean Theater of Operations) MTO, 2 Oct 1942-6 May 1945. Air defense, Jul 1950-Jun 1971. F-4 replacement training, Jul 1971-Jun 1975. Combat in Southwest Asia, Jan-Feb 1991. During 1993-2005, shared rotation duties with 71 and 94 FS in support of UN peacekeeping efforts in SWA; 1994-2000, rotated to Iceland to monitor the Iceland Military Identification Zone. After 11 Sep 2001, performed homeland security operations in support of war against terrorism.

Service Streamers. None.
 
Campaign Streamers. World War I: Lorraine; Champagne; Ile-de-France; Champagne-Marne; Aisne-Marne; Oise-Aisne; St Mihiel; Muese-Argonne. World War II: Antisubmarine, American Theater; Egypt-Libya; Air Offensive, Europe; Algeria-French Morocco, with Arrowhead; Tunisia; Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Anzio; Rome-Arno; Normandy; Northern France; Southern France; North Apennines; Rhineland; Central Europe; Po Valley; Air Combat, EAME Theater. Southwest Asia: Defense of Saudi Arabia; Liberation and Defense of Kuwait; Southwest Asia Ceasefire.

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: Italy, 25 Aug 1943; Italy, 30 Aug 1943; Ploesti, Rumania, 18 May 1944. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Jun 1970-1 Jul 1971; 1 Jan 1976-31 Oct 1976; 15 Jun 1982-15 Jun 1984; 16 Jun 1984-15 Jun 1986; 28 Apr 1990- 27 Apr 1992; 1 May 1992-30 Apr 1994; 1 Jun 1995-31 May 1997; 1 Jun 1998-31 May 2000; 1 Jun 2000-31 May 2001; 1 Jun 2004-31 May 2006.
 
Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through Jul 2010.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through Jul 2010.

Supersedes statement prepared on 24 Aug 2006.

Emblem. Approved on 17 Sep 1971.

Prepared by Patsy Robertson.
 
Reviewed by Carl E. Bailey.







 Inside AFHRA

ima cornerSearch

ima cornerOrganizations

 




Site Map      Contact Us     Questions     USA.gov     Security and Privacy notice     E-publishing  
Suicide Prevention    SAPR   IG   EEO   Accessibility/Section 508   No FEAR Act