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452 OPERATIONS GROUP (AFRC)

Posted 11/26/2012 Printable Fact Sheet

Lineage. Established as 452 Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 14 May 1943. Activated on 1 Jun 1943. Redesignated as 452 Bombardment Group, Heavy on 20 Aug 1943. Inactivated on 28 Aug 1945. Redesignated as 452 Bombardment Group, Very Heavy on 11 Mar 1947. Activated in the Reserve on 19 Apr 1947. Redesignated as 452 Bombardment Group, Light on 27 Jun 1949. Ordered to Active Duty on 10 Aug 1950. Inactivated on 10 May 1952. Redesignated as 452 Tactical Reconnaissance Group on 6 Jun 1952. Activated in the Reserve on 13 Jun 1952. Redesignated as: 452 Bombardment Group, Tactical on 22 May 1955; 452 Troop Carrier Group, Medium on 1 Jul 1957. Inactivated on 14 Apr 1959. Redesignated as: 452 Air Refueling Group, Heavy on 31 Jul 1985; 452 Operations Group on 1 Aug 1992. Activated in the Reserve on 1 Aug 1992.

Assignments. II Bomber Command, 1 Jun 1943; Second Air Force, 6 Oct 1943; Eighth Air Force, c. 8 Jan 1944; VIII Bomber Command, Jan 1944; 3 Bombardment Division, Jan 1944; 45 Combat Bombardment Wing, Jan 1944; 20 Bombardment Wing, 18 Jun 1945; Second Air Force, c. 12-18 Aug 1945. 304 Bombardment Wing (later, 304 Air Division), 19 Apr 1947; 452 Bombardment Wing, 27 Jun 1949-10 May 1952. 452 Tactical Reconnaissance (later, 452 Bombardment; 452 Troop Carrier) Wing, 13 Jun 1952-14 Apr 1959. 452 Air Refueling (later, 452 Air Mobility) Wing, 1 Aug 1992-.

Operational Components. Squadrons. 79 Air Refueling: 1 Aug 1992-1 Apr 1995. 336 Air Refueling: 1 Aug 1992-. 703: 28 May 1948-27 Jun 1949. 728: 1 Jun 1943-28 Aug 1945; 19 Apr 1947-10 May 1952; 13 Jun 1952-14 Apr 1959. 729 Bombardment (later, 729 Tactical Reconnaissance; 729 Bombardment; 729 Troop Carrier; 729 Airlift): 1 Jun 1943-28 Aug 1945; 12 Jul 1947-10 May 1952; 13 Jun 1952-14 Apr 1959; 1 May 1994-. 730 Bombardment (later, 730 Tactical Reconnaissance; 730 Bombardment; 730 Troop Carrier; 730 Airlift): 1 Jun 1943-28 Aug 1945; 1 Aug 1947-10 May 1952; 13 Jun 1952-14 Apr 1959; 1 May 1994-1 Apr 2005. 731 Bombardment: 1 Jun 1943-28 Aug 1945; 12 Jul 1947-25 Jun 1951 (detached Nov 1950-25 Jun 1951). 733 Troop Carrier: 16 Nov 1957-14 Apr 1959.

Stations. Geiger Field, WA, 1 Jun 1943; Rapid City AAB, SD, c. 13 Jun 1943; Pendleton Field, OR, 10 Oct 1943; Walla Walla AAFld, WA, c. 4 Nov-Dec 1943; Deopham Green, England, c. 8 Jan 1944-6 Aug 1945; Sioux Falls AAFld, SD, c. 12-28 Aug 1945. Long Beach AAFld (later, Long Beach Muni Aprt), CA, 19 Apr 1947; George AFB, CA, 10 Aug-Oct 1950; Itazuke AB, Japan, 26 Oct 1950; Miho AB, Japan, c. 10 Dec 1950; Pusan-East AB, South Korea, 17 May 1951-10 May 1952. Long Beach Muni Aprt, CA, 13 Jun 1952-14 Apr 1959. March AFB (later, March ARB), CA, 1 Aug 1992-.

Commanders. Maj Horace G. Oliver, 13 Jun 1943; Lt Col Herbert O. Wangeman, 18 Jun 1943; Lt Col Robert B. Satterwhite, 8 Feb 1944; Lt Col Marvin F. Stalder, 28 Feb 1944; Col Thetus C. Odom, 30 Mar 1944; Col Archibald Y. Smith, 24 Jul 1944; Col William D. Eckert, c. 30 Jul 1944; Lt Col Charles W. Sherburne, 12 Sep 1944; Col Burnham L. Batson, 25 Sep 1944; Col Jack E. Shuck, 5 Jun 1945-unkn. Unkn, 19 Apr 1947-Aug 1950; Col Charles W. Howe, 10 Aug 1950; Col Frank L. Wood Jr., 17 May 1951; Lt Col John A. Herrington, 24 May 1951; Lt Col Harry C. Mailey, c. Dec 1951; Col James D. Kemp, 28 Mar-10 May 1952. Col D. H. Dean, by 1954; Col Robert J. Dodson, by 1956; Lt Col Karl W. Thompson, by Dec 1957-14 Apr 1959. Col Jack G. Essex, 1 Aug 1992; Col David B. Walker, 1 Apr 1994-unkn; Col Jeffrey T. Pennington, Jan 2007; Col Mark Sigler, 23 Dec 2010-.

Aircraft. B-17, 1943-1945. T-6, c. 1947-1949; T-7, c. 1947-1949; C-45, c. 1948-1949; C-47, c. 1948-1949; T-11, c. 1948-1950; B-26, 1948-1952. Primarily flew F/TF-51, 1953-1954; B-26, 1953-1957; F/TF-80, 1954-1955; TB-26, 1954-1957; C-46, 1957-1958; C-119, 1958-1959; also flew, in fewer numbers, T-6, 1952-1954; C-46, 1952-1954; T-28, 1953-1955; T-33, 1953-1955; FB-26, 1953-1954; C-45, 1953-1955, 1957-1958; TB-25, 1954-1955; and C-47, 1957-1958. KC-135, 1992-; KC-10, 1992-1995; C-141, 1994-2005; C-17, 2005-.

Operations. Trained in the U.S. with B-17s before moving to England, Dec 1943-Jan 1944. Assigned to Eighth Air Force, the 452nd entered combat on 5 Feb 1944 with an attack against aircraft assembly plants at Brunswick, Germany. Engaged primarily in bombardment of strategic targets, including marshalling yards, aircraft assembly plants and component works, the ball-bearing industry, synthetic rubber plants, and oil installations. In addition to strategic missions, the group supported ground forces and carried out interdictory operations. Helped prepare for the invasion of Normandy by hitting airfields, V-weapon sites, bridges, and other objectives in France; struck coastal defenses on D-Day, 6 Jun 1944. Bombed enemy positions in support of the breakthrough at St Lo in Jul and the offensive against Brest in Aug and Sep. Later in September, assisted the airborne attack on Holland. Hit enemy communications in and near the combat zone during the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944-Jan 1945. Bombed an airfield in support of the airborne assault across the Rhine in Mar 1945. Received a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for action on 7 Apr 1945 when, despite vigorous fighter attacks and heavy flak, it accurately bombed a jet fighter base a Kaltenkirchen. Flew its last combat mission of World War II on 21 Apr, striking marshalling yards at Ingolstadt. Returned to the U.S., Jun-Aug 1945, and inactivated on 28 Aug 1945. Activated in the Reserve in California on 19 Apr 1947. Trained as a bombardment group under supervision of the 2347 Air Force Reserve Training Center. Redesignated as a light bombardment group in mid-1949 when the 452 Bombardment Wing was created. Ordered to active duty effective 10 Aug 1950 for duty in the Korean War. Moved to Japan, Oct-Nov 1950, and entered combat with B-26s against communist forces late in Oct, operating first from bases in Japan and later from South Korea. Flew armed reconnaissance, intruder, and interdictory missions, and provided support for ground troops. Bombed and strafed buildings, tunnels, rail lines, switching centers, bridges, vehicles, supply dumps, and airfields. The Group and the flying squadrons received two DUCs for actions during the Korean War. Relieved from active duty and inactivated in Korea on 10 May 1952. Activated in the Reserve in California on 13 Jun 1952. Remanned and trained as a tactical reconnaissance group, 1952-1955; as a tactical bombardment group, 1955-1957; and as a troop carrier group, 1957-1959. Inactivated on 14 Apr 1959, with the flying squadrons reassigned directly to the 452nd wing. Activated on 1 Aug 1992, again part of the 452nd wing. Trained and equipped aircrews to conduct worldwide air refueling and strategic airlift missions, 1994-.
 
Service Streamers. None.

Campaign Streamers. World War II: Air Offensive, Europe; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe; Air Combat, EAME Theater. Korea: UN Offensive; CCF Intervention; First UN Counteroffensive; CCF Spring Offensive; UN Summer-Fall Offensive; Second Korean Winter; Korea, Summer-Fall 1952.

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: Germany, 7 Apr 1945; Korea, 9 Jul-27 Nov 1951; 28 Nov 1951-30 Apr 1952. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Aug 1992-30 Jun 1993; 1 Sep 1995-31 Aug 1996; 1 Sep 1997-31 Aug 1999; 1 Oct 2002-30 Sep 2004; 1 Oct 2004-30 Sep 2006; 1 Oct 2006-30 Sep 2008; 1 Oct 2008-30 Sep 2010. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation: 27 Oct 1950-27 Oct 1951.

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 20 Nov 2012.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through Dec 2010.

Supersedes statement prepared on 10 Aug 2000.

Emblem. Group will use the wing emblem with the group designation in the scroll.

Prepared by Patsy Robertson.
 
Reviewed by Daniel Haulman.







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