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437 OPERATIONS GROUP (AMC)

Posted 12/28/2007 Printable Fact Sheet

Lineage. Established as 437 Troop Carrier Group on 15 Apr 1943. Activated on 1 May 1943. Inactivated on 15 Nov 1945. Redesignated 437 Troop Carrier Group, Medium, on 10 May 1949. Activated in the Reserve on 27 Jun 1949. Ordered to active duty on 10 Aug 1950. Inactivated on 10 Jun 1952. Activated in the Reserve on 15 Jun 1952. Inactivated on 16 Nov 1957. Redesignated: 437 Military Airlift Group on 31 Jul 1985; 437 Operations Group on 24 Sep 1991. Activated on 1 Oct 1991.

Assignments. I Troop Carrier Command, 1 May 1943; 50 Troop Carrier Wing, Feb 1944; 53 Troop Carrier Wing, 17 Feb 1944; 50 Troop Carrier Wing, 10 Jul 1945; U.S. Forces European Theater, 18 Jul 1945; I Troop Carrier Command, 6 Aug 1945; IX Troop Carrier Command, 4-15 Nov 1945. 437 Troop Carrier Wing, 27 Jun 1949-10 Jun 1952. 437 Troop Carrier Wing, 15 Jun 1952-16 Nov 1957. 437 Airlift Wing, 1 Oct 1991-.

Components. Squadrons. 14 Airlift: 1 Apr 1992-. 15 Airlift: 1 Oct 1993-. 16 Airlift: 1 Oct 1993-29 Sep 2000; 1 Jul 2002-. 17 Airlift: 1 Oct 1991-. 20 Airlift: 1 Oct 1991-1 Oct 1993. 36 Airlift: 1 Dec 1991-1 Oct 1993. 41 Military Airlift: 1 Oct 1991-1 Apr 1992. 51 Transport (later, 51 Troop Carrier): 1 Jun 1942-14 Nov 1945. 76 Airlift: 1 Oct 1991-1 Oct 1993. 83 Troop Carrier: 1 May 1943-15 Nov 1945; 27 Jun 1949-10 Jun 1952; 15 Jun 1952-16 Nov 1957. 84 Troop Carrier: 1 May 1943-15 Nov 1945; 27 Jun 1949-10 Jun 1952; 15 Jun 1952-16 Nov 1957. 85 Troop Carrier: 1 May 1943-15 Nov 1945; 27 Jun 1949-10 Jun 1952; 15 Jun 1952-1 Jul 1957. 86 Troop Carrier: 1 May 1943-15 Nov 1945; 27 Jun 1949-1 Aug 1950; 26 Jan 1951-10 Jun 1952.

Stations. Baer Field, IN, 1 May 1943; Sedalia AAFld, MO, 8 Jun 1943; Pope Field, NC, 10 Oct 1943; Baer Field, IN, 29 Dec 1943-c. 12 Jan 1944; Balderton, England, Jan 1944; Ramsbury, England, 5 Feb 1944 (Air echelon deployed to Montalto di Castro AB, Italy, Jul-Aug 1944, and to Chilbolton, England, 1-6 Sep 1944); Coulommiers-Voisins, France, 24 Feb-28 Jul 1945; Baer Field, IN, 15 Aug 1945; Marfa AAFld, TX, 14 Sep-15 Nov 1945. Chicago-Orchard Aprt (later, O'Hare Field-Chicago Intl Aprt), IL, 27 Jun 1949; Shaw AFB, SC, 14 Aug-16 Oct 1950; Brady AB, Japan, 8 Nov 1950-10 Jun 1952. O'Hare Intl Aprt, IL, 15 Jun 1952-16 Nov 1957. Charleston AFB, SC, 1 Oct 1991-.

Commanders. Col Cedric E. Hudgens, 1 May 1943; Col Donald J. French, 12 Jun 1944-15 Nov 1945. Col John R. Roche, by Jul 1949; Lt Col Edward H. Nigro, 26 Jan 1951; Lt Col George W. Sutcliffe, 5 Mar 1951; Lt Col Jack L. Crawford Jr., 5 Sep 1951-10 Jun 1952. Col William B. Whitacre, 15 Jun 1952; Lt Col William H. Swanson, by Dec 1952; Lt Col Harry J. Nehf, by Jun 1954; Lt Col Walter T. Fletcher, by 26 Oct 1954; Unkn, Jan 1955-Nov 1957. Col David K. Mulkey, 1 Oct 1991; Col Thomas J. Stephenson, 17 Jan 1992; Col Roy H. Bass Jr., 14 Aug 1992; Col Richard J. Casey, 19 Apr 1994; Col Robert D. Bishop Jr., 31 Jul 1995; Col Mark R. Zamzow, 1 Jul 1996; Col Ronald P. Richardson, 28 Oct 1998; Col Robert R. Allardice, 26 May 2000; Col Russell J. Deluca, 23 May 2002; Col William J. Bender, 19 Sep 2002; Col Paul A. Curlett, 7 May 2004-.

Aircraft. C-47, 1943-1945; C-53, 1943-1945; C-109, 1945; CG-4A, 1943-1945; Horsa glider, 1944. C-46, 1949-1952; C-119, 1951. C-46, 1952-1957. C-141, 1991-2000; C-17, 1993-.

Operations. From May-Dec 1943, 437th Troop Carrier Group trained with cargo planes in Indiana, Missouri, and North Carolina. In Jan 1944, the group deployed to England, where it prepared for the invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe. During the Normandy campaign, the group released gliders over Cherbourg and carried troops, weapons, ammunition, rations, and other supplies for the 82nd Airborne Division in Operation NEPTUNE. For these actions, the group received a Distinguished Unit Citation. The air echelon deployed to Italy in Jul 1944 and participated in the Allied invasion of southern France in Aug 1944 dropping paratroops of the 1st Airborne Task Force. During Operation MARKET in Sep 1944, the group released gliders carrying troops and equipment for the airborne attack in the occupied Netherlands. In Dec 1944, the group re-supplied the 101st Airborne Division in the Bastogne area of Belgium during the Battle of the Bulge. After moving to France in Feb 1945, the unit released gliders in support of an American crossing of the Rhine River called Operation VARSITY in March 1945. The 437th continued to supply the offensive forces in April, while also evacuating wounded personnel to rear-zone hospitals. After victory in Europe in May, the group evacuated prisoners of war and displaced persons to relocation centers. Trained as a reserve unit until Aug 1950, when it was ordered to active duty because of the outbreak of war in Korea and later moved to Japan in Nov 1950. Between Dec 1950 and Jun 1952, the group airlifted ammunition, rations, aircraft parts, gasoline, and other war supplies from Japan to United Nations bases in Korea, while evacuating wounded troops from Korea to hospitals in Japan. During 1951, the 437th also dropped paratroops and flew re-supply and reinforcement missions in support of the Eighth Army in Korea. Between Jan-Jun 1952, the group transported battlefield replacements and evacuated troops on leave. From Jun 1952-Nov 1957, the group again served as Reserve training organization flying C-46s. Resumed control of operational squadrons in Oct 1991. Routinely deployed aircraft and aircrews in support of humanitarian and contingency operations in the Balkans, Southwest Asia, Africa, Russia, and provided disaster relief support, 1992-2001. Supported Global War on Terrorism contingencies from Oct 2001-.

Service Streamers. World War II American Theater.

Campaign Streamers. World War II: Rome-Arno; Normandy; Northern France; Southern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe. Korea: CCF Intervention; First UN Counteroffensive; CCF Spring Offensive; UN Summer-Fall Offensive; Second Korean Winter; Korea Summer-Fall, 1952.

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citation: France, [6-7] Jun 1944. Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Combat "V" Device: 11 Sep 2001-30 Jun 2003. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Jul 1993-30 Jun 1995; 1 Jul 1995-30 Jun 1997; 1 Jul 1997-30 Jun 1998; 1 Jul 1998-30 Jun 2000. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation: 1 Jul 1951-[10 Jun 1952].

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 11 Oct 2006.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through 31 Dec 2004.

Supersedes statement prepared on 22 Nov 1991.
 
Emblem. Group will use the wing emblem with the group designation in the scroll. 

Prepared by William M. Butler. 

Reviewed by Daniel L. Haulman.







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