388 Operations Group (ACC)

Lineage.  Established as 388 Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 19 Dec 1942.  Activated on 24 Dec 1942.   Redesignated as 388 Bombardment Group, Heavy, on 20 Aug 1943.  Inactivated on 28 Aug 1945.   Redesignated as 388 Fighter-Bomber Group on 5 Nov 1953.  Activated on 23 Nov 1953.  Inactivated on 10 Dec 1957.  Redesignated  as 388 Tactical Fighter Group on 31 July 1985.  Redesignated as 388 Operations Group, and activated, on 1 Dec 1991.

Assignments.  II Bomber Command, 24 Dec 1942; Eighth Air Force, c. 6 Jul 1943;

VIII Bomber Command, 10 Jul 1943; 4 Bombardment Wing (attached to 403 Provisional Combat Wing Bombardment), 13 Jul 1943; 3 Bombardment Division, 13 Sep 1943; 45 Combat Bombardment Wing, 14 Sep 1943; 20 Bombardment Wing, 18 Jun 1945; Second Air Force, 13-28 Aug 1945.  388 Fighter-Bomber Wing, 23 Nov 1953-10 Dec 1957.   388 Fighter Wing, 1 Dec 1991-.

Operational Components.  Squadrons.  4 Fighter: 1 Dec 1991-.  34 Fighter: 1 Dec 1991-16  Jul 2010.  421 Fighter: 1 Dec 1991-.  560 Bombardment (later, 560 Fighter-Bomber): 24 Dec 1942-28 Aug 1945.  561 Bombardment (later, 561 Fighter-Bomber): 24 Dec 1942-28 Aug 1945; 23 Nov 1953-10 Dec 1957.  562 Bombardment (later, 562 Fighter-Bomber): 24 Dec 1942-28 Aug 1945; 23 Nov 1953-10 Dec 1957.  563 Bombardment (later, 563 Fighter-Bomber): 24 Dec 1942-28 Aug 1945; 23 Nov 1953-10 Dec 1957.

Stations.  Gowen Field, ID, 24 Dec 1942; Wendover Field, UT, 1 Feb 1943; Sioux City AAB, IA, 29 Apr-10 Jun 1943; Knettishall, England, c. 6 Jul 1943-4 Aug 1945; Sioux Falls AAF, SD, 13-28 Aug 1945.  Clovis AFB, NM, 23 Nov 1953-28 Nov 1954; Etain-Rouvres AB, France, 12 Dec 1954-10 Dec 1957.  Hill AFB, UT, 1 Dec 1991-.

Commanders.   None (not manned), 24 Dec 1942-31 Jan 1943; Col William B. David, 1 Feb 1943; Col Chester C. Cox, 7 Oct 1944-28 Aug 1945.  Maj Charles M. Read, 23 Nov 1953; Col Clayton L. Peterson, 11 Jan 1954; Col William E. Bethea, 11 Feb 1956; Col Allan P. Rankin, 12 Jan-10 Dec 1957.  Col Timothy A. Mueller, 1 Dec 1991; Col Michael J. Koerner, 21 Jun 1993; Col Timothy G. Murphy, 31 May 1995; Col Stephen E. Bozarth, 22 Jul 1996; Col Charles B. Oltman, 2 Jul 1998; Col William C. Coutts, 7 Jul 2000; Col D. Lee Hall Jr., 7 Jul 2002; Col Jeffrey G. Lofgren, 7 Jun 2004; Lt Col Patrick J. Miller, 5 May 2006; Col Patrick W. Christopherson, 11 Aug 2006; Col Stephen A. Langford, 20 Jun 2008; Col Nathan E. Hill, 30 Jun 2010-.

Aircraft.  B–17, 1943–1945.  F–86, 1954–1956; F–100, 1957.   F-16, 1991-.

Operations.   Trained for bombardment operations.  After moving to England, the group conducted strategic bombardment attacks in the European Theater of Operations (ETO) against airdromes, aircraft factories, shipyards, submarine pens, railroad yards, and industrial targets located in France, Germany, Belgium, Holland, Poland, Romania, Norway, and Czechoslovakia from 1943 to 1945.  The 388th also participated in an Operation FRANTIC shuttle raid from England to Russia, as well as support and interdictory missions, and helped "soften up" the Normandy beachhead for D-Day.  After giving airborne assistance in the final drive through Germany, the 388th flew humanitarian missions to Holland and air dropped food for victims in flood-stricken areas.  Trained for fighter operations, Nov 1953-Nov1954.   Moved to France, Nov-Dec 1954, and supported NATO operations and exercises until Dec 1957.   Assumed control of the 388 Fighter Wing’s operational squadrons from Dec 1991-.

Service Streamers.  None. 

Campaign Streamers.   World War II: Air Offensive, Europe; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe; Air Combat, EAME Theater.

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers.  None.

Decorations.  Distinguished Unit Citations: Regensberg, Germany, 17 Aug 1943; Hanover, Germany (26 Jul 1943), Brux, Czechoslovakia (12 May 1944), and from England to Russia (21 Jun 1944).   Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: [1 Dec 1991]-30 Apr 1993; 1 May 2002-31 May 2003; 1 Jun 2005-31 May 2007.

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 28 Dec 2011.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through Dec 2010.

Supersedes statement prepared on 21 Feb 2006.

Emblem.  Group will use the wing emblem with the group designation in the scroll.

Prepared by Patsy Robertson.

Reviewed by Daniel Haulman.