92 Operations Group (AMC)

Lineage.  Established as 92 Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942.  Activated on 1 Mar 1942.  Redesignated as 92 Bombardment Group, Heavy, on 20 Aug 1943.  Inactivated on 28 Feb 1946.  Redesignated as 92 Bombardment Group, Very Heavy, on 15 Jul 1946.  Activated on 4 Aug 1946.  Redesignated as : 92 Bombardment Group, Medium, on 28 May 1948; 92 Bombardment Group, Heavy, on 16 Jun 1951.  Inactivated on 16 Jun 1952.  Redesignated as 92 Operations Group on 29 Aug 1991.  Activated on 1 Sep 1991.

Assignments.  III Bomber Command, 1 Mar 1942; VIII Bomber Command, Aug 1942; 40 Combat Bombardment Wing, Spring 1943-28 Feb 1946.  Fifteenth Air Force, 4 Aug 1946; 92 Bombardment Wing, Very Heavy (later, 92 Bombardment Wing, Medium; 92 Bombardment Wing, Heavy), 17 Nov 1947-16 Jun 1952 (attached to FEAF Bombardment Command [Provisional], 8 Jul-Oct 1950).  92 (later, 92 Bomb, 92 Air Refueling) Wing, 1 Sep 1991-.


Operational Components:  Squadrons. 17 Reconnaissance (later, 407 Bombardment): 1 Mar 1942-28 Feb 1946. 43 Air Refueling: 1 Sep 1991-1 Jun 1992; 1 Jul 1994-31 Mar 1995. 92 Air Refueling: 1 Sep 1991-1 Jun 1992; 1 Jul 1994-. 93 Air Refueling: 31 Mar 1995-. 96 Air Refueling: 1 Jul 1994-31 Mar 2005. 97 Air Refueling: 1 Jul 1994-30 Sep 2004. 98 Air Refueling: 1 Jul 1994-1 Jul 1998. 325 Bombardment (later, 325 Bomb): 1 Mar 1942-28 Feb 1946; 4 Aug 1946-16 Jun 1952 (detached 16 Feb 1951–15 Jun 1952); 1 Sep 1991-1 Jul 1994. 326 Bombardment: 1 Mar 1942-28 Feb 1946; 4 Aug 1946-16 Jun 1952 (detached 16 Feb 1951–15 Jun 1952). 327 Bombardment: 1 Mar 1942-28 Feb 1946; 4 Aug 1946-16 Jun 1952 (detached 16 Feb 1951–15 Jun 1952).  912 Air Refueling: 1 Oct 2010-.  Flight. 36 Rescue: 1 May-1 Jul 1993.


Stations.  Barksdale Field, LA, 1 Mar 1942; MacDill Field, FL, 26 Mar 1942; Sarasota, FL, 18 May-Jul 1942; Bovingdon, England, Aug 1942; Alconbury, England, Jan 1943; Podington, England, 15 Sep 1943; Istres, France, Jun 1945-28 Feb 1946.  Fort Worth AAFld, TX, 4 Aug 1946; Smoky Hill AAFld, KA, 25 Oct 1946; Spokane AAFld (later, Spokane AFB; Fairchild AFB), WA, 20 Jun 1947-16 Jun 1952 (operated from Yokota, Japan, 9 Jul-29 Oct 1950).  Fairchild AFB, WA, 1 Sep 1991-.


Commanders:  Col James S. Sutton, 27 Mar 1942; Lt Col Baskin R. Lawrence Jr., 2 May 1943; Col William M. Reid, 23 May 1943; Col James W. Wilson, 27 Sep 1944; Lt Col Albert L. Cox Jr., 4 Aug 1945; Lt Col James A. Smyrl, 12 Oct 1945; Maj Victor A. Cherbak Jr., 18 Oct 1945; Capt Robert N. Scott, 13 Dec 1945 (acting); Capt Clarence E. Bierman, 14 Jan 1945 (acting), probably to Feb 1946.  Unkn, Feb 1946.  Col John G. Eriksen, 4 Aug 1946; Col Brooks A. Lawhon, 25 Oct 1946; Capt William M. Carrithers, c. Jan 1946; None, Feb-Jun 1947; Lt Col Frank A. Sharp, 14 Jul 1947; Col Albert J. Shower, 19 Jul 1947; Lt Col Richard J. Fry, 18 Nov 1947; Col George A. Blakey, Apr 1948; Col Salvatore E. Manzo, 1 Jul 1948; Col Claude E. Putnam Jr., 3 Oct 1949; Col Conrad F. Necrason, c. Feb 1951; Col Claude E. Putnam Jr., 14 Apr 1951; Col Kenneth B. Hobson, c. Jun 1951; Col David Wade, 9 Feb-16 Jun 1952.  Col Arnold L. Julich, 16 Sep 1991; Col David Capotosti, 22 May 1992; Lt Col Stephen D. Harper, 22 May 1993; Col William E. Pellerin, 18 Jun 1993; Lt Col Mark A. Johnson, 22 Nov 1994; Col Allan M. Coleman, 6 Sep 1995; Col Michael J. Billings, 5 Jan 1998; Lt Col William E. Stone Jr., 21 Jul 1999; Col Scott E. Wuesthoff, 9 Aug 1999; Col Susan C. Ross, 17 Aug 2001; Col Diane R. Hull, 28 Apr 2003; Col Jeffrey R. Johnson, 11 Aug 2004; Col Mark A. Melville, 10 Jul 2006; Col Marshall T. Morrison, 27 Jun 2008-.


Aircraft.  B-17, 1942-1946. B-29, 1946-1952; B-36, 1951-1952.  B-52, 1991-1994; KC-135, 1991-; UH-1, 1993.


Operations. Activated in early Mar 1942, but unmanned until later that month.  Until Jul 1942, the group trained with B-17s and flew antisubmarine missions along the coast of Florida.  While moving to England in Jul-Aug 1942, the group was the first unit to make non-stop Atlantic crossing from Gander, Newfoundland, to Prestwick, Scotland.  Conducted a few combat missions Sep-Oct 1942, then trained replacement crews for the Eighth Air Force. In May 1943, the unit began bombing shipyards, submarine installations, airfields, factories, transportation facilities, and other strategic targets in Germany, France, Norway, and other parts of Nazi-occupied Europe.  The 92d earned a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for a bombing mission against aircraft factories in Germany on 11 Jan 1944.  In Feb 1944, the group participated in the intensive American bombing of the German aircraft industry (Big Week).  It also struck V-weapons sites in France.  During the invasion of Normandy in Jun 1944, the 92d performed interdictory and support missions, striking artillery sites, road junctions, and marshalling yards in the beachhead area.  It supported ground forces at St. Lo during the breakout in Jul 1944.  The group also bombed gun positions and bridges during the airborne assault in the Netherlands in Sep 1944.  Received a second Distinguished Unit Citation for bombing heavily defended synthetic oil plant at Merseburg in the face of determined opposition on 11 Sep 1944.  During the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944-Jan 1945, the 92d attacked bridges and marshalling yards in the battle area.  It also supported the airborne assault across the Rhine in Mar 1945 by bombing airfields near the landing zone.  After Germany surrendered, the group moved to southern France in Jun 1945 and transported American troops from Marseilles to Casablanca for their return to the United States until it was inactivated in early 1946.  Reactivated later in 1946 for training in B-29 bombers. Elements deployed to alert commitments in the United Kingdom in early 1949.  In Jul 1950, the group and its squadrons were detached from the 92d Bombardment Wing and deployed to Japan where it flew into combat over Korea until Oct 1950.  Missions included bombing enemy factories, oil refineries, airfields, bridges, marshalling yards, troop concentrations, and other strategic and interdictory targets. Returned to the U.S. in late Oct 1950.  In early 1951, the group was reduced to "paper status" as its squadrons were attached directly to the wing in order to begin conversion to B-36s, and the group was subsequently inactivated in mid-1952.  Deployed tanker aircraft and aircrews to support Operations NORTHERN WATCH and SOUTHERN WATCH in the 1990s over Iraq after the liberation of Kuwait from Iraq in early 1991.  From Feb 1993, performed air sampling missions for the Department of Energy with modified B–52Hs.  Ended B–52 alert duties in Sep 1992, and ended bombardment mission in 1994, when its mission became solely air refueling.  Operational squadrons routinely augmented AMC’s overseas tanker task forces in Panama, Europe, Turkey, and Southwest Asia to support contingency operations.  Regularly deployed elements to Europe in support of humanitarian, peacekeeping, and contingency operations in the Balkans during the late 1990s.  Supported aerial refuelings for Operations ENDURING FREEDOM and IRAQI FREEDOM in Afghanistan and Iraq following the 11 Sep 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States.  The group also took part in other deployments and contingencies as needed. 


Service Streamers.  None..


Campaign Streamers.  World War II: Antisubmarine, American Theater; Air Offensive, Europe; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe. Korea: UN Defensive; UN Offensive.  Kosovo: Kosovo Air.


Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers.  None.


Decorations.  Distinguished Unit Citations: Germany, 11 Jan 1944; Merseburg, Germany, 11 Sep 1944.  Meritorious Unit Award: 1 Jun 2003-31 Dec 2005; 1 Sep 2012-31 Aug 2013.  Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: [1 Sep] 1991-30 Jun 1993; 1 Jul 1995-30 Jun 1997; 1 Jan 1998-30 Jun 1999; 24 Mar-10 Jun 1999; 1 Jun 2001-31 May 2003; 1 Jan 2006-31 Aug 2007; 1 Sep 2007-31 Aug 2008; 1 Sep 2010-31 Aug 2011.


Lineage, Assignments, Stations, and Honors through Aug 2014.


Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through Jun 2008. Because of manpower shortages, AFHRA no longer updates these sections.     


Emblem.  Group will use the wing emblem with the group designation in the scroll.


Supersedes statement prepared on 22 Jun 2010.


Prepared by Carl E. Bailey.


Reviewed by Daniel L. Haulman