89 Attack Squadron (ACC)

Newest Rendition

89 Attack Squadron


Lineage.   Organized as 89 Aero Squadron on 19 Aug 1917.  Demobilized on 19 May 1919.  Reconstituted and consolidated (1936) with 89 Observation Squadron (Long Range, Light Bombardment) which was constituted on 1 Mar 1935.  Redesignated as: 89 Reconnaissance Squadron on 24 Oct 1936; 89 Reconnaissance Squadron (Medium Range) on 22 Dec 1939.  Activated on 1 Feb 1940.  Redesignated as: 89 Reconnaissance Squadron (Medium) on 20 Nov 1940; 432 Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 22 Apr 1942.  Inactivated on 26 Nov 1945.  Redesignated as 432 Expeditionary Bomb Squadron, and converted to provisional status, on 16 Jan 2002.  Withdrawn from provisional status, and redesignated as 432 Bomb Squadron on 16 Feb 2007.  Redesignated as 432 Attack Squadron on 1 Sep 2011.  Activated on 1 Oct 2011.  Redesignated as 89 Attack Squadron on 21 Jun 2016.


Assignments. Unkn, 19 Aug-Nov 1917; 1 Air Depot, Nov 1917; 2 Corps Aeronautical School, Feb 1918-Jan 1919; unkn, Jan-19 May 1919.  17 Bombardment Group: attached, 1 Feb 1940; assigned, 25 Feb 1942-26 Nov 1945.  Pacific Air Forces to activate or inactivate at any time between 16 Jan 2002-16 Feb 2007.  28 Operations Group, 1 Oct 2011; 432 Operations Group, 21 Jun 2016-.     


Stations.  Kelly Field, TX, 19 Aug 1917; Garden City, NY, c. 6-27 Oct 1917; Colombey-les-Belles, France, 16 Nov 1917; Chatillon-sur-Seine, France, 17 Feb 1918; St Nazaire, France, c. 14 Jan 1919-unkn; Garden City, NY, c. 25 Mar-19 May 1919.  March Field, CA, 1 Feb 1940; McChord Field, WA, 26 Jun 1940; Pendleton, OR, 29 Jun 1941; McChord Field, WA, c. 30 Dec 1941; Pendleton, OR, c. 24 Jan 1942; Lexington County Aprt, SC, 15 Feb 1942; Barksdale Field, LA, 22 Jun-18 Nov 1942; Telergma, Algeria, c. 22 Dec 1942; Sedrata, Algeria, c. 13 May 1943; Djedeida, Tunisia, c. 25 Jun 1943; Villacidro, Sardinia, 5 Nov 1943;  Poretta, Corsica, c. 21 Sep 1944; Dijon, France, 22 Nov 1944; Linz, Austria, c. 18 Jun 1945; Zell-am-See, Austria, 4 Jul 1945; Clastres, France, c. 3 Oct-c. 17 Nov 1945; Camp Myles Standish, MA, 25-26 Nov 1945.  Ellsworth AFB, SD, 1 Oct 2011-.


Commanders.   Unkn, 19 Aug 1917-11 Feb 1918; Maj Joseph T. McNarney, 12 Feb 1918-unkn.  Unkn, 1 Feb 1940-unkn; Maj Donald F. Lehnard, unkn-5 Feb 1943; Maj Thomas F. Vickers, 6 Feb 1943; Maj Clayton C. Hill, 25 Jul 1943; Maj Alfred D. Belsma, 15 Oct 1943; Maj Joseph R. Buchert, 11 Dec 1943; Capt Henry E. Williams, 4 Mar 1944; Maj Robert B. Hughes, 31 Aug 1944; Lt Col Joseph F. Loftus, 17 Mar 1945; Maj Charles L. Miller, 20 Apr 1945-unkn-.


Aircraft.  AR and other type aircraft for training observers, 1918; Brequet 14 when preparing for combat, 1918.  B-18, 1940; B-23, 1940-1941; B-25, 1941-1942; B-26, 1942-1945.  MQ-9, 2012-.


Operations.   Constructed facilities, maintained aircraft, and trained observers in Zone of Advance in France, 1917-1919; prepared for combat as observation unit in Jul 1918; but never went to the front.  Antisubmarine patrols, 12 Dec 1941-c. Mar 1942.  Combat in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) and the European Theater of Operations (ETO), 31 Dec 1942-1 May 1945.   Awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations (DUCs) for action in Europe: on 13 Jan 1944 for action over Ciampino, Italy and on 10 Apr 1945 for action over Schweinfurt, Germany.   Participated in German disarmament, Jun-Sep 1945.   Employed MQ-9 Reaper aircraft in support of combatant commanders’ requirements including precision reconnaissance, air interdiction, close air support, and strike coordination, 2012-. 


Service Streamers.  World War I: Theater of Operations.    


Campaign Streamers.  World War II: Antisubmarine, American Theater; Tunisia; Sicily;  Naples-Foggia; Anzio; Rome-Arno; Southern France; North Apennines; Rhineland; Central Europe; Air Combat, EAME Theater.


Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers.  None.


Decorations.  Distinguished Unit Citations:  Italy, 13 Jan 1944; Schweinfurt, Germany, 10 Apr 1945.  Meritorious Unit Awards: 1 Jun 2012-31 May 2013.  Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Jun 2013-31 May 2014.  French Croix de Guerre with Palm: Apr, May, and Jun 1944.


Lineage, Assignments, Stations, and Honors through 24 Jan 2017.


Commanders through 1945; Aircraft, and Operations through Jan 2012.


Supersedes statement prepared in 22 Aug 2016.


Emblem.   Approved on 30 Jan 1941; newest rendition approved on 13 Feb 2017. 


Prepared by Carl E. Bailey.